Lethal vaccinations such as potassium chloride, sodium thiopental and pancuronium bromide
are injected in the patients suffering from various terminal illness such as neurological conditions, last stage of Alzheimer's, chronic lung problem and heart failures.
The adult respiratory distress syndrome and pancuronium bromide
. Anesth Analg.
The drugs used were sodium thiopental, pancuronium bromide
and potassium chloride - the method was developed in the 1970s in Oklahoma.
These are sodium thiopental, which depresses the central nervous system in 30 seconds, inducing a degree of unconsciousness that makes pain undetectable; pancuronium bromide
, a relaxant which takes 30-45 seconds to induce paralysis and respiratory arrest; and potassium chloride, which stops the heart in around 30 seconds.
The other Pfizer products the drugmaker said it will block from use in executions are pancuronium bromide
, potassium chloride, idazolam, hydromorphone, rocuronium bromide and vecuronium bromide.
(6) In European kestrels (Falco tinnunculus), mydriasis was inconsistent with topical pancuronium bromide
, and although effectively achieved with topical alcuronium chloride, birds developed temporary inferior eyelid paralysis (5/8 birds) and neck and limb paralysis (1/8 birds) with topical alcuronium chloride.
Supreme Court ruled that the three-drug execution cocktail used by Oklahoma - midazolam, pancuronium bromide
and potassium chloride - does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment.
Supreme Court approved a three-drug combination of (1) sodium thiopental, a sedative that induces unconsciousness, (2) pancuronium bromide
, a muscle relaxer that induces paralysis, stopping respiration, and (3) potassium chloride, which causes cardiac arrest.
Traditionally, lethal injection has been carried out with a cocktail of three drugs – sodium thiopental which knocks the victim unconscious, pancuronium bromide
which causes paralysis and stops breathing, and, nally, potassium chloride to stop the heart.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of vecuronium bromide an intermediate acting nondepolarising muscle relaxant on intraocular pressure compared with pancuronium bromide
, a long acting nondepolarising muscle relaxant.
An Oklahoma coroner suggested the three-drug protocol: sodium thiopental, to put the inmate to sleep; pancuronium bromide
, to induce paralysis; and potassium chloride, to quickly stop the heart and cause death.