Pancoast syndrome

Pan·coast syn·drome

(pan'kōst),
lower trunk brachial plexopathy and Horner syndrome due to malignant tumor in the region of the superior pulmonary sulcus.

Pancoast syndrome

Oncology A syndrome characterized by a malignant neoplasm–Pancoast's tumor–of the cervical region with destruction of the thorax inlet and involvement of the brachial plexus and cervical sympathetic nerves, accompanied by severe pain in the shoulder region radiating toward the axilla and scapula along the ulnar aspect of hand muscles, atrophy of hand and arm muscles, Bernard-Horner syndrome, and compression of blood vessels with edema; PS may be found in inflammatory pseudotumor and in mycotic aneurysms. See Pancoast tumor.

Pan·coast syn·drome

(pan'kōst sin'drōm)
Lower trunk brachial plexopathy and Horner syndrome due to malignant tumor in the region of the superior pulmonary sulcus.

Pancoast,

Henry Khunrath, U.S. radiologist, 1875-1939.
Pancoast syndrome - lower trunk brachial plexopathy and Horner syndrome due to malignant tumor in the region of the superior pulmonary sulcus. Synonym(s): Hare syndrome
Pancoast tumor - adenocarcinoma of a lung apex causing Pancoast syndrome. Synonym(s): superior pulmonary sulcus tumor
References in periodicals archive ?
DISCUSSION: Pancoast syndrome arises in nearly all cases of malignant tumors, mainly superior sulcus tumors (Pancoast tumors), which represents a subset of bronchial carcinomas that occur in ]the apex of the lung and frequently invade the first two or three ribs, the nearby vertebral bodies, the lower part of the brachial plexus, the subclavian vessels, and the stellate ganglion.