Panax quinquefolius

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Related to Panax quinquefolium: Panax quinquefolius, American ginseng

Panax quinquefolius

Herbal medicine
A perennial herb, the root of which has been used by Native Americans, Chinese and Indians as a general and immune tonic, and a cure-all for anaemia, asthma, common cold, depression, fatigue, flu, low back pain, stress and other conditions; like Oriental ginseng, American ginseng is said to be an aphrodisiac.
 
Toxicity
American ginseng may cause asthmatiform episodes, arrhythmias, palpitations, hypertension and postmenopausal bleeding.

Panax

(pa'naks?) [L. panax, fr Gr. panax, fr panakes, all-healing]
A genus of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, native to the cooler climates of Korea, northern China, and eastern Siberia, certain species of which are used in alternative medicine. See: ginseng

Panax ginseng

The variety of ginseng used most often in herbal remedies. Synonym: Asian ginseng; Chinese ginseng; Korean ginseng

Panax japonicus

See: Japanese ginseng

Panax notoginseng

A species native to China and Japan, used in Chinese medicine to treat blood deficiencies and as a hemostatic.
Synonym: Panax pseudoginseng

Panax pseudoginseng

Panax notoginseng.

Panax quinquefolius

See: American ginseng
References in periodicals archive ?
Population dynamics of the American ginseng Panax quinquefolium (Araliaceae).
Cytotoxic acetylene from Panax quinquefolium. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 39,521-523.
Acetylenes from Panax quinquefolium. Phytochemistry 31, 3499-3501.
Inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitors from Saposhnikovia divaricata and Panax quinquefolium. Planta Medica 66, 644-647.
Keywords: Panax quinquefolium; Pancreatic lipase; Ginsenosides; Crude saponins
American ginseng is known as Panax quinquefolium Linne, which is native to North America and is commonly found in rich woods from Maine to Georgia and from Oklahoma to Minnesota.
The stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium were purchased from Jilin Zuojia Research Institute (Zuojia, China).
The stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium were obtained from Jilin Zuojia Research Institute (Zuojia, China).
Chemical structure of 8 saponins in the crude saponins of stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium. The numbering scheme is shown for the parent dammarane ring structure at top left.
As shown in Table 2, the crude saponins from stems and leaves of Panax quinquefolium inhibited pancreatic lipase activity.
In the present experiment, crude saponins of Panax quinquefolium inhibited pancreatic lipase activity, and reduced the elevation of plasma triacylglycerol after oral administration of a lipid emulsion to rats.