palytoxin


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palytoxin

(păl′ə-tŏk′sĭn)
n.
A powerful toxin that occurs in corals of the genus Palythoa of the South Pacific and disrupts the flow of ions across cell membranes. It is rapidly fatal to humans in very small doses and is one of the most complex naturally occurring substances.

palytoxin

(păl″ĭ-tŏk′sĭn) [Fr. Paly(thoa), the genus name of a coral + ″],

PTX

A potent toxin produced by microscopic marine algae that grow on coral. It destroys blood cells, alters cardiac conduction, and damages nerves. Intoxication with PTX can result in bleeding, weakness, blood vessel constriction, ventricular fibrillation, and death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Talking about palytoxin, Matthews said: "I knew about palytoxin, which can kill you if ingested, and that coral can cause things like rashes if you don't handle it carefully but I had no idea taking the pulsing xenia (coral) out of the water could make the toxin airborne."
Symptoms of palytoxin exposure includes fever, conjunctivitis, and respiratory problems in people exposed to marine aerosols during proliferations of palytoxin and palytoxin-like compound6producing marine algae, according to (https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6431a4.htm) CDC.
The patients reported learning that palytoxin was a possible cause of their illness from the owner of the shop.
Three samples from the shop and two samples from the home of patient A were selected on the basis of visual resemblance to zoanthids previously reported to contain palytoxin (2).
In comparing the Haff disease toxidrome with other types of fish and shellfish poisoning toxidromes, the Haff disease toxidrome most closely resembles marine palytoxin poisoning which also causes rhabdomyolysis typically accompanied by autonomic, central, and peripheral nervous system toxicity.
Stefanizzi et al., "Palytoxin induces functional changes of anion transport in red blood cells: metabolic impact," Journal of Membrane Biology, vol.
A tiny dose of palytoxin paralyses the victim and death follows within moments.
"Palytoxin is so active that we're convinced it's going to have some sort of pharmaceutical interest," says Steve Brauer, Hawaii Biotech's president.
Katie Stevenson, her husband Mark and three of her four children were rushed to hospital by paramedics wearing protective masks after cleaning the coral in their fish tank caused it to give off palytoxin, the second most deadliest poison known to man.
A family of six suffered flu-like symptoms and eye problems when deadly palytoxin was released into their home from coral in the aquarium.
? Coral containing palytoxin which is left outside to dry and not treated can remain highly toxic for many years.
But within just a couple of hours, a family of two adults and three children were in hospital after breathing in one of the deadliest poisons, Palytoxin, from a piece of coral.