palate

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Related to Palates: soft palates

palate

 [pal´at]
the roof of the mouth. The hard palate is the front portion braced by the upper jaw bones (maxillae); it has a bony framework and forms the partition between the mouth and the nose. The soft palate is the fleshy part arching downward from the hard palate to the throat; it separates the mouth and the pharynx. When a person swallows, the rear of the soft palate swings up against the back of the pharynx and blocks the passage of food and air to the nose. A fleshy lobe called the uvula hangs from the middle of the soft palate. adj., adj pal´atal.
cleft palate see cleft lip and cleft palate.
premaxillary palate (primary palate) that portion of the palate that was the median nasal process during early development.
secondary palate that portion of the palate that was the lateral nasal processes during early development.

pal·ate

(pal'ăt), [TA]
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): palatum [TA], roof of mouth, uraniscus
[L. palatum, palate]

palate

(păl′ĭt)
n.
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities; the roof of the mouth.

pal′a·tal (-ə-təl), pal′a·tine′ (-ə-tīn′) adj.

pal·ate

(pal'ăt) [TA]
The bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): palatum [TA] .
[L. palatum, palate]

palate

The partly hard, partly soft partition that forms the roof of the mouth and separates it from the nose. The hard palate consists of a plate of bone, part of the MAXILLA, covered with mucous membrane. The soft palate, attached to the back of the hard palate, is a small flap of muscle and fibrous tissue enclosed in a fold of mucous membrane. It can press firmly against the back wall of the PHARYNX, sealing off the opening to the nose during swallowing and when one is blowing out through the mouth.

palate

the roof of the mouth in vertebrates formed anteriorly by a bony projection of the upper jaw and posteriorly by the fold of connective tissue (soft palate). Mammals possess a , false palate which has been formed below the original palate, and results in the opening of the nasal cavity at the back of the mouth (in the throat), allowing chewing and breathing at the same time.

pal·ate

(pal'ăt) [TA]
Bony and muscular partition between oral and nasal cavities.
Synonym(s): roof of mouth.
[L. palatum, palate]
References in periodicals archive ?
AFFECTING around one in every 700 babies, cleft lip and palate is the most common facial birth defect in the UK.
According to their website, Operation Smile is "an international medical charity that has provided hundreds of thousands of free surgeries for children and young adults in developing countries who are born with cleft lip, cleft palate or other dental, and facial conditions.
Rai Bachchan was addressing the media on the birth anniversary of her father Krishnaraj Rai to announce a campaign with NGO Smile Train India, to create renewed awareness around cleft lip and palate, in Mumbai on Tuesday.
Dr Shkoukani said the prevalence of cleft palates and cleft lips in the UAE is about four in every 10,000, and the condition is often related to genetic connections.
With prevalence ranging from 1: 700 to 1: 2500 live births worldwide, which may vary according to geographical region, ethnic or racial group, and socioeconomic class (8), cleft lip/cleft palate represents one of the most common malformations (9), affecting about 5% of live newborns (10), which may or may not be associated with syndromes (8).
12 Adekeye EO.: Occurrence of cleft lips and palates in Kaduna Nigeria.
All patients with palatal fistulae following repair of congenital cleft palate along with recurrent fistulae, i.e., those occurring after one or more previous attempts at fistula repair were included.
Parents came along with their kids from far flung areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and Punjab including Rawat, Sargodha, Peshawar, Chakwal and Sargodha at the medical camp held by the Islamabad Cleft Lip and Palate Association (ICLAPA), said M Aftab, the chief coordinator of ICLAPA.
First described by Roux more than 100 years ago, submucous cleft is an uncommon condition that is defined by the presence of three anatomical features: bifid uvula, palatal muscular diastasis, and notching of the hard palate. (1-3) Kaplan further described the "occult submucous cleft" when he found that the same functional problem can occur in the presence of abnormal muscular insertion without the presence of the classic triad.
Although only 71% of cleft palates were identified at birth in 2011, this is 4% higher than in 2010 when one third of babies with a cleft palate had their condition missed.
The foetal face forms during early pregnancy, with the lips formed by eight weeks gestation and the palate by 10-12 weeks gestation (Watson, 2001).
When the mice were born, their palates were intact.