Functional health literacy is an issue of utmost importance with regards to the management of the care of PLWH
1 million PLWH
without similar screening procedures.
Simply making ART available to PLWH
is not enough as strict adherence is required for treatment success (5).
As the WHO guidelines recommend symptom screening at every clinic visit, we included all PLWH
encounters, including multiple encounters by individual PLWH
that occurred during the specified time period.
As HIV becomes a manageable chronic disease and PLWH
are living longer, they are at greater risk of developing previously unrecognized long-term complications of HIV infection.
experience a variety of negative emotions such as guilt, prejudice, anxiety, and depression (Prachakul, Grant, & Keltner, 2007; Vance, 2006).
The plethora of medical and psychosocial issues (that is, stigma, disclosure, social isolation, adherence to complex APT regimens, safer sex practices, and so forth) that confront Latino PLWH
are not unique to this population.
Overall, despite recent efforts, access to care, treatment and support for PLWH
remains quite limited (Figure 1).
This financial shortfall gives MCOs a disincentive for maintaining or improving the quality of care provided to PLWH
and, under some conditions, can threaten MCOs' viability and that of providers in their care networks.
estimates, as with the estimates of death counts, are highly questionable.
The objective of the study described herein was to identify the prevalence of felt stigma and (among a group of PLWH
in PR) assess its association with a number of sociodemographic variables.
The Program is implemented by the Health Outreach Program Consortium, led by the Population Services International (PSI) and including the Project HOPE, the AIDS Foundation East-West (AFEW) and Kazakhstan Association of People living with PLWH