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Abbreviation for placental lactogen; pyridoxal.


[filarē·ə] pl. filariae
Etymology: L, filum, thread
a genus of slender nematodes of the superfamily Filarioidea. There are many species, some of which are parasitic in animals.


A gene on chromosome 7p15.2 that encodes a sequence-specific transcription factor of a developmental regulatory system, which provides cells with specific positional identities on the anterior-posterior axis and appears to be involved in gene expression, morphogenesis and differentiation. The HOXA10 protein product may play a role in fertility, embryo viability and in regulating the commitment of hematopoietic cell lineage.

peroneus longus

; PL extrinsic foot muscle, within lateral compartment of lower leg
  • origin upper two-thirds of lateral surface of fibula, PL belly overlying belly of peroneus brevis

  • insertion tendon courses along lateral side of fibula, superficial to peroneus brevis (PB), lying in a common sheath with tendon of PB (see peroneus brevis); within the foot, PL tendon turns (in groove on interior aspect of cuboid) to run obliquely across deep area of sole of foot (i.e. sixth layer) and inserts into plantar aspect of medial cuneiform and first metatarsal base

  • nerve supply superficial peroneal nerve

  • action foot eversion at subtalar joint; ankle joint plantarflexion; increase in curvature of midfoot transverse arch