proximal interphalangeal joints

(redirected from PIP joints)

prox·i·mal in·ter·pha·lan·ge·al joints

the synovial joints between the proximal and middle phalanges of the fingers and of the toes.
Synonym(s): PIP joints

prox·i·mal in·ter·pha·lan·ge·al joints

(PIP) (proks'i-măl in'tĕr-fă-lan'jē-ăl joynts)
The synovial joints between the proximal and middle phalanges of the fingers and of the toes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bony enlargements such as Bouchard's nodes on the PIP joints and Heberden's nodes on the distal interphalangeal are commonly found in hand OA.
Fabrication of this type of PIP joints is accomplished with swaged connectors or forged tulips and is much easier than using the donut rings.
Periarticular osteoporosis was noticed in the bilateral MCP and PIP joints on the hand radiographies (Figure 2).
High severity proximal interphalangeal ("PIP") joints (those with baseline contractures > 40 degrees) had a higher recurrence rate than low severity PIP joints (71 percent versus 58 percent, respectively) at four years.
When the cable is pulled, torque is applied to the MCP and PIP joints.
The first injection resulted in a mean 81% reduction in the degree of fixed-flexion contracture in treated MP joints, and a 66% decrease in PIP joints.
In RA of the hands there is soft-tissue swelling of the PIP joints and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints.
The results for both MP and PIP joints that were treated with XIAFLEX are compelling and compare favorably to surgery from both an efficacy and safety point of view," said Dr.
41) The investigators recommended a postoperative splint extending to the PIP joints.
Joint swelling was noted in the left second, left third, right first, and right second PIP joints.
On examination, he was a pleasant gentleman with obvious contractures of the MCP and PIP joints of both fourth fingers, reduced range of motion in his shoulder joints and neck, as well as marked loss of motion of bilateral hips.
Strikingly, the distal interphalangeal (DIP) and PIP joints were intact, and hook-like osteophytic formations on the heads of the metacarpal bones were seen, which is typical of hemochromatosis.