Utilization of PGD
in 2007-2008 was proportionately greatest in states obligating insurance plans to offer an in vitro fertilization (IVF) coverage plan to employers, with no requirement that patients actually receive coverage; California was among those states then.
Depending on one's point of view, PGD
either merely shifts
A reported three percent of IVF clinics in the United States have allowed parents to use PGD
or other ARTs to select for embryos with disabilities or diseases.
From a prochoice Catholic position, the moral dilemmas surrounding PGD
have nothing to do with the embryo's right to life.
is used under these circumstances to determine the sex of the embryo so that only those unaffected are transplanted (Sermon et al.
programme director Prof Peter Braude, head of the department of women's health at King's College London, said: "PGD
can make an enormous difference for families who have repeatedly miscarried, lost children through genetic disease or are living with a child with a genetic disease.
Thus, the families could lose everything: no stem cell line, and inadequate cells for PGD
The embryos that are destroyed in PGD
are innocent victims, they don't have any choice in this.
is not morally acceptable for the following reasons.
The conventional, more widely accepted application for PGD
is to enable a couple to eliminate the risk of passing a genetic disease to their child.
Another coded term is "family planning," which as used in PGD
is an all-too-obvious attempt to justify the practice of embryonic sex selection.
In the 5% to 10% of cases where the genetic mutation is inherited, PGD
offers a partial solution to the quandary, wrote Yury Verlinsky, founder and director of the Reproductive Genetics Institute, a private fertility clinic in Chicago, IL.