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containing many cysts.
polycystic kidney disease either of two unrelated hereditary diseases in which there is massive enlargement of the kidney with cyst formation. It occurs in two forms, distinguished by age of onset and other characteristics.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, formerly called adult polycystic kidney disease) is the most common type of cystic disease of the kidneys. It is usually manifested during the third decade of life. Renal failure may appear by the fifth decade, with terminal failure occurring in the next ten years, although in some cases it never appears. Although there is rarely any liver dysfunction accompanying this disorder, cyst formation in the liver does occur.

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), formerly called childhood polycystic kidney disease, is diagnosed at birth or in the first ten years of life and is much less common than the autosomal dominant form. Both the kidney and the liver are involved, causing renal failure and liver failure with portal hypertension. Characteristic symptoms early in the process include pain, hematuria, urinary tract infection, kidney stones, and obstructive uropathy with anuria.

Treatment of both types of polycystic kidney disease is largely symptomatic. Renal dialysis and kidney transplantation during end-stage renal disease can prolong life but offer no cure. Families with histories of polycystic kidney disease require genetic counseling and may need help in coping with the prospect of future offspring afflicted with the disease.
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) a clinical symptom complex associated with polycystic ovaries and characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, anovulation (hence infertility), and hirsutism. Both hyperestrogenism (from peripheral conversion of androgen) and hyperandrogenism are present. Excretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and 17-ketosteroids is normal, but infertility is usually persistent, requiring treatment with wedge resection, clomiphene, or gonadotropins. Called also Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
polycystic renal disease polycystic kidney disease.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


Abbreviation for polycystic ovary syndrome.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


polycystic ovary syndrome
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

A condition in which the eggs are not released from the ovaries and instead form multiple cysts.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The retrospective study was conducted at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Zhejiang, China, and comprised data from August 2015 to November 2016 of infertility patients with PCOS or tubal factors who underwent agonist long-protocol IVF-ET.
(By the way, being underweight can also cause ovulation to cease.) For women with PCOS who are not overweight, not ovulating, but don't want to get pregnant, hormonal contraception can serve a dual purpose; besides being effective birth control, oral contraceptives, periodic progestin therapy, or a progestin-releasing IUD will reduce the risk of developing uterine cancer.
After taking informed consent, history, examination, hormonal profile and ultrasound were used to diagnose the PCOS. Blood sample in a sterilized disposable syringe was collected in lab for measurement of 25 hydroxy vitamin-D levels by Elecsys method on Roche Cobas e 411.
Associate Prof Dr Abida gave a detailed presentation about PCOS and abnormal menstrual cycles, PCOS and sub fertility by Assist Prof Dr Tayyaba, Assist Prof Dermatology Dr Sadaf Rauf presented on PCOS and skin problems, Assist Prof Medicine Dr Hamza spoke on medical management and lifestyle modification.
Recent research has begun to focus on the link between hormone imbalances as a result of PCOS and the effects these imbalances have on other parts of the body One study pointed out that the many hormone imbalances involved in PCOS can influence bone metabolism, resulting in an increased risk for osteoporosis; furthermore, the drugs taken during the treatment of PCOS can increase the risk of bone fracture by way of endocrine disruption.
She explained to me the toxic relation between being heavy and controlling my PCOS.
The hormonal imbalance and especially the excess of male hormones that characterize PCOS produce a range of symptoms, including:
Studies from different parts of the world showed variable association between acne vulgaris and PCOS (Table 2).
Twenty-two women with PCOS (PCOS group), diagnosed by the Rotterdam criteria, with a mean age of 28.5[+ or -]3.6 years were recruited consecutively from the IVF unit.
In this study, a metabolomic approach based on GC-MS was used to investigate the metabolic profiles of PCOS patients through analysis of urine samples to identify useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrinopathy in reproductive age group, yet it is fraught with controversies.
Background and Objective: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the major cause of infertility in females.