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containing many cysts.
polycystic kidney disease either of two unrelated hereditary diseases in which there is massive enlargement of the kidney with cyst formation. It occurs in two forms, distinguished by age of onset and other characteristics.

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD, formerly called adult polycystic kidney disease) is the most common type of cystic disease of the kidneys. It is usually manifested during the third decade of life. Renal failure may appear by the fifth decade, with terminal failure occurring in the next ten years, although in some cases it never appears. Although there is rarely any liver dysfunction accompanying this disorder, cyst formation in the liver does occur.

Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), formerly called childhood polycystic kidney disease, is diagnosed at birth or in the first ten years of life and is much less common than the autosomal dominant form. Both the kidney and the liver are involved, causing renal failure and liver failure with portal hypertension. Characteristic symptoms early in the process include pain, hematuria, urinary tract infection, kidney stones, and obstructive uropathy with anuria.

Treatment of both types of polycystic kidney disease is largely symptomatic. Renal dialysis and kidney transplantation during end-stage renal disease can prolong life but offer no cure. Families with histories of polycystic kidney disease require genetic counseling and may need help in coping with the prospect of future offspring afflicted with the disease.
polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) a clinical symptom complex associated with polycystic ovaries and characterized by oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, anovulation (hence infertility), and hirsutism. Both hyperestrogenism (from peripheral conversion of androgen) and hyperandrogenism are present. Excretion of follicle-stimulating hormone and 17-ketosteroids is normal, but infertility is usually persistent, requiring treatment with wedge resection, clomiphene, or gonadotropins. Called also Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
polycystic renal disease polycystic kidney disease.


Abbreviation for polycystic ovary syndrome.


polycystic ovary syndrome.


polycystic ovary syndrome


abbreviation for polycystic ovary syndrome.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

A condition in which the eggs are not released from the ovaries and instead form multiple cysts.
References in periodicals archive ?
PCOS Challenge: The National Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Association is the leading 501(c)(3) nonprofit support organization globally advancing the cause for women and girls with PCOS serving 45,000 members.
When compared with unaffected women, matched for age, body mass index and geographical location, the study found that PCOS patients were more likely to be diagnosed with mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder.
Shinkai's team conducted a study of clinical markers associated with PCOS and found that some of the classic signs of PCOS may be unreliable.
Three sets of diagnostic criteria have been proposed over the past 3 decades, said Ricardo Azziz, MD, chief officer of academic health and hospital affairs for the State University of New York system, and a renowned expert on PCOS.
The mean of ovarian weight in PCOS group significantly increased compared to control group (p<0.
PCOS group comprised of 120 women who were diagnosed with PCOS as per Rotterdam criteria and 120 healthy controls without PCOS and who were systemically healthy.
Atkin runs a clinic at Hamad Medical Corporation specifically for women with PCOS and will shortly open a second at Sidra Medical and Research Centre.
One of the biggest concerns women have when diagnosed with PCOS is how it will affect fertility.
If you are overweight or obese, losing at least five to 10 per cent of your weight can improve many of the symptoms of PCOS like getting regular periods and improving your chances of getting pregnant.
Gulf News spoke to Helena, a 25-year old from India, who was diagnosed with PCOS when she was 19.
In this study, our purpose was to examine the differences between the possible biochemical and hormonal markers in the patients with PCOS with and without PCO morphology and to evaluate the outcomes resulting from those differences.
In a univariate analysis, PCOS patients who developed GDM had higher fasting blood glucose (FBG), Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) score, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and free testosterone index.