patient-controlled analgesia

(redirected from PCA pump)

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ges·i·a (PCA),

a method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of a predetermined amount of the narcotic solution if the infusion fails to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia

Pain management A method for self-administration of narcotic-analgesics via a programmable pump; PCA is used for pain of terminal CA, postsurgery, angina pectoris, L&D Agents Fentanil, meperidine, morphine, sufentanil; PCA is delivered IV, subcutaneously or epidurally. See Pain.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă)
A method for control of pain based on use of a pump for the constant intravenous or, less frequently, epidural infusion of a diluted narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for the self-administration at predetermined intervals of the narcotic solution should the infusion fail to relieve pain.

patient-controlled analgesia

A method of pain control in which the patient cooperates. An intravenous drip is set up and the patient has a small control unit with a button which, when pressed, inserts a small dose of a drug such as morphine, into the infusion fluid. Overdosage cannot occur. A disadvantage is the need to urinate at frequent intervals.

pa·tient-con·trolled an·al·ge·si·a

, patient-controlled anesthesia(PCA) (pā'shĕnt kŏn-trōld' an'ăl-jē'zē-ă, an'es-thē'zē-ă)
Method for control of pain using a pump for constant intravenous or epidural infusion of a dilute narcotic solution that includes a mechanism for self-administration at predetermined intervals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until the new mother recovering from cesarean birth is no longer receiving pain relief via PCA pump or epidural catheter, babies should not be left alone in mother's arms without nursing personnel or support people in attendance.
Also, they preferred to use a background infusion with the programmable PCA pump and a too long lockout interval combined with a bolus dose of 0.5 mg morphine.
Postoperative use of paracetamol through PCA pump achieved better pain control and pain management versus postoperative use of intermittent paracetamol analgesia after lumbar discectomy.
These attempts addressed multiple issues affecting safety of PCA pump, including mechanical plant, operator errors and patient pharmacokinetic differences; however neither of these studies accounted for drug demand variability originating from the individuality of each patient.
The PCA pump was programmed by a second investigator after referring to a previously constructed randomization table.
It's the first and only PCA pump with integrated bar code identification of prefilled and pharmacy-filled drug vials, substantially eliminating the potential for drug and concentration errors at the bedside.
[ClickPress, Fri Apr 25 2014] Infusion Pumps & Accessories Market by Product (Volumetric, Syringe, Enteral, Insulin, Implantable, PCA Pump), Application (Diabetes, Chemotherapy, Nutrition, Pain Management) & by End-user (Hospital, Home Healthcare) - Global Forecasts to 2018
The PCA pump was removed the morning of postoperative day one if liquids were tolerated well by the patient.
30 minutes before the end of the operation, the catheter was connected to the PCA pump; the patients received a loading dose of 5 mL of 0.15% ropivacaine followed by an infusion of 0.15% ropivacaine at 5mL/h, with bolus of 5 mL and lock time of 30 min.
The PCA pump settings are checked independently by two nurses against the written medical order, validating the Five Rights and the carrier solution (NIHCC, 2011).
An ALARIS[R] PCA pump (ALARIS Medical UK Ltd, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK), capable of a bolus delivery over 20 to 40 seconds was used and a bolus limit of 70 [micro]g set to prevent the administration of dangerously high boluses.