Oxyuranus


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Related to Oxyuranus: Oxyuranus scutellatus

Oxyuranus

(ŏk″sē-ūr′ĭ-nŭs) [″ + Gr. ouranos, heavens]
A genus of poisonous land snakes found principally in Australia. The venom of this species is a neurotoxin and anticoagulant. Bites cause paralysis, muscle destruction, respiratory failure, and spontaneous bleeding. Members of the species are often called “taipan.” Species of Oxyuranus include O. microlepidotus (“inland taipan”), O. scutellatus canni(“Papuan taipan”), and O. scutellatus scutellatus, whose venom is used in tests of human blood coagulation.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In 1950 an amateur herpetologist from Sydney, Keith Budden, travelled north to Cairns hoping to catch a live coastal taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) for CSL.
Neurotoxinas herpeticas del tipo PLA2 y su Clase Nombre Especie Subunidades I Ammodytoxina A Vipera ammodytes ammodytes 1 Notexina 11-5 Notechis scutacus scutacus 1 Pseudexin A Pseudechis porphyriacus 1 II Crotoxina GeneroCrotalus 2 III Beta-Bungarotoxina Bungarus multicinctus 2 IV Taipotoxina Oxyuranus scutellas 3 Textilotoxina Pseudonaj a textilis textilis 5 En el veneno de escorpiones y de abejas Apis mellifera tambien se encuentran toxinas del tipo PLA2.