oxidative phosphorylation(redirected from Oxidative phosporylation)
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the process of introducing a phosphate group into an organic molecule.
oxidative phosphorylation the final common pathway of aerobic energy metabolism in which high-energy phosphate bonds are formed by phosphorylation of ADP to ATP coupled with the transfer of electrons along a chain of carrier proteins with molecular oxygen as the final acceptor. It occurs in mitochondria.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
formation of high-energy phosphoric bonds (for example, in pyrophosphates) from the energy released by the flow of electrons to O2 and the dehydrogenation (i.e., oxidation) of various substrates, most notably isocitric acid, α-ketoglutaric acid, succinic acid, and malic acid in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The process in cell metabolism by which respiratory enzymes in the mitochondria synthesize ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate during the oxidation of NADH by molecular oxygen.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
oxidative phosphorylationThe formation of ATP within mitochondria using energy derived from the electron transport chain
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
ox·i·da·tive phos·phor·y·la·tion(ok'si-dā'tiv fos'fōr-i-lā'shŭn)
Formation of high energy phosphoric bonds from the energy released by the dehydrogenation (i.e., oxidation) of various substrates.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
oxidative phosphorylationThe process of cellular respiration occurring within the MITOCHONDRIA and responsible for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In this process energy derived from the oxidation of hydrogen, to form water, is transferred to ATP.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
oxidative phosphorylationa process that takes place in the ELECTRON TRANSPORT SYSTEM of aerobic respiration, in which ATP molecules are synthesized from ADP and inorganic phosphate. The process is the major means by which aerobic organisms obtain their energy from foodstuffs.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005