Overhead Sport

Any sport—baseball, cricket, handball, jai alai, javelin throwing, tennis, volleyball, etc.—in which the upper arm and shoulder arc over the athlete’s head to propel a ball at the opposing team. Overhead sport injuries can be multifactorial in nature, and can cause range of motion deficits, muscular imbalances, and scapular dyskinesis, for which the best prevention is constant, but not excessive, training
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Studies have shown a significant difference in the gleno-humeral internal rotation range of motion between dominant and non-dominant shoulders of overhead sport players (2, 3, 10-14).
Many studies have reported similar findings in overhead sport players (6, 16-20).
2] In addition, it has been found that athletes involved in overhead sports have a larger dominant arm than the non-dominant arm.
Many young athletes engaged in overhead sports reach elite level at this age, and can result useful to diagnose the presence of os acromiale to plan a correct therapeutic path.
Although this phenomenon has been associated with overhead sports and the upper extremity, little is known about similar modifications in the lower extremity ROM in sports that involve asymmetric movement in the lower extremities.
Kuhn suggested that younger patients who have a Hill-Sachs deformity, and those who engage in contact or overhead sports, are most likely to benefit.
Shoulder pain is less common in golf than in overhead sports like tennis.