overtraining

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overtraining

A general term for any practice of, or training for, a particular sport which is in excess of that necessary to effectively participate in the sport. Overtraining increases the physical stress on specific parts of the musculoskeletal system, and increases the risk of injury.

overtraining

Sports medicine A general term for any practice of, or training for, a particular sport which is in excess of that necessary to participate in the sport , which ↑ the physical stress on specific parts of the musculoskeletal system. See Elite athlete, Female athlete triad, Reflex sympathetic dystrophy, Training.

overtraining

training exceeding the body's recovery capacity, indicated by excessive fatigue both physical and mental, and resulting in impaired performance. Also called staleness. Short-term overtraining is usually adequately countered by a period of reduced intensity or a few days' total rest but if extended, it leads to the overtraining syndrome - a set of symptoms and signs, probably of neuroendocrine origin. The psychological aspect of fatigue now usually predominates, while physical symptoms often include increased BMR, protracted elevation of pulse rate after exercise, and negative nitrogen balance leading to weight loss. Recovery may take months or never be fully achieved. Compare the unexplained under performance syndrome (UPS) which may apply in some instances previously classed as overtraining. See also burnout.

overtraining

training horses or dogs too hard so that they lose spirit.