Baseline and post-treatment scores of NRS, ILBPDI, and ODI Baseline 3rd week 3rd month Median 95% CI Median 95% CI Median 95% CI NRS 7 7.00-7.93 3 3.20-4.51 5 3.88-5.3 ILBPDI 36 32.13-39.21 24 21.54-29.94 26 21.89-34.81 ODI 56 52.70-61.13 40 37.63-46.68 46 39.67-55.52 p NRS 0.0001 (**) ILBPDI 0.0001 (**) ODI 0.001 (*) NRS: Numeric Pain Rating Scale; ILBPDI: Istanbul Low Back Pain Disability Index; ODI: Oswestry Disability Index
; CI: Confidence interval; (*) p<0.05 statistically significant; (**) p<0.001; Friedman's test was applied.
VAS: visual analog scale, ODI: Oswestry Disability Index
, SF-12: 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey, and PEN: percutaneous epidural neuroplasty.
We evaluated functional outcome of TLIF procedures carried out in our hospital with the help of Oswestry disability index
(ODI)6, visual analogue score (VAS)6, patient satisfaction and work status after surgery.
Disability was assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index
(ODI) score.[sup] Pain relief, reduction of analgesic dose, and patient satisfaction (very satisfied, satisfied, or unsatisfied) were the secondary outcome.
Functional disability was evaluated with the French version 2.0 of the Oswestry Disability Index
. This index was used to assess disability associated with low back pain (4, 5, 26).
Table 1: Pre- and postoperative radiological and clinical characteristics of our patients Variables Preoperative Postoperative P value (+) Slip (%) 24.9 [+ or -] 11.0 11.9 [+ or -] 13.7 0.031 ODI * 71.6 [+ or -] 15.4 28.7 [+ or -] 21.2 0.001 VAS (x) 8.8 [+ or -] 1.3 2.1 [+ or -] 2.8 0.001 * ODI: Oswestry disability index
, (x) VAS: Visual analogue scale, (+) Comparison based on paired t-test
Measures of function in low back pain/disorders: Low Back Pain Rating Scale (LBPRS), Oswestry Disability Index
(ODI), Progressive Isoinertial Lifiting Evaluation (PILE), Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS), and Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ).
([dagger]) ODI, PSFS, and NPRS scores expressed as Mean [+ or -] SD Table 2: Results of ANCOVA analysis for Oswestry Disability Index
(ODI), Patient Specific Functional (PSFS) and Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS).
Housewives were given clear instruction regarding 3 scales used in the present study (NMQ, Zarit Burden Interview, Oswestry Disability Index
The Oswestry disability index
is used to assess subjects with low back pain to determine its impact on the activities of daily living (Fairbank and Davies, 1980).
I risultati dello studio sono stati verificati attraverso il Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) per la valutazione del dolore (36) e l'Oswestry Disability Index
(ODI-I) per la valutazione della disabilita nella sua versione validata in lingua italiana (37,38).
Disability and pain (both in lumbar region and leg) were measured by Oswestry Disability Index
(ODI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) on a numeric 0 to 10 scores [13-15].