osteopenia

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osteopenia

 [os″te-o-pe´ne-ah]
reduced bone mass due to a decrease in the rate of osteoid synthesis to a level insufficient to compensate normal bone lysis. The term is also used to refer to any decrease in bone mass below the normal. adj., adj osteopen´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă),
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

osteopenia

(ŏs′tē-ə-pē′nē-ə)
n.
A generalized reduction in bone mass that is less severe than that resulting from osteoporosis, caused by the resorption of bone at a rate that exceeds bone synthesis.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

osteopenia

A ↓ in bone linked to estrogen deficiency seen in ♀ with hypogonadism due to hyperprolactinemia, ↑ exercise, anorexia nervosa, hypothalamic amenorrhea, or in Pts receiving gonadotropin-releasing hormone–.
GnRH analogues. See Post-renal transplant osteopenia warch out.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Osteopenia

Reduction in bone mass, usually caused by a lowered rate of formation of new bone that is insufficient to keep up with the rate of bone destruction. Osteopenia often occurs together with amenorrhea and eating disorders in female athletes. It can lead to premature osteoporosis if left untreated.
Mentioned in: Menstrual Disorders
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

os·te·o·pe·ni·a

(os'tē-ō-pē'nē-ă)
1. Decreased calcification or density of bone; a descriptive term applicable to all skeletal systems in which such a condition is noted; carries no implication about causality.
2. Reduced bone mass due to inadequate osteoid synthesis.
[osteo- + G. penia, poverty]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about osteopenia

Q. is bone loss related to Arthritis?

A. It depends on the kind of arthritis. In some arthritic diseases there's local bone loss, and generalized bone loss (osteoporosis) may result from steroids used to treat arthritic diseases.

You may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

Q. is there is any relation between not enough acid and arthritis?is bone loss is another factor in this decease?

A. Do you refer to less of acid secretion in the stomach (hypochlorhydia)? If so, then sjogren syndrome is a disease that cause both lack of acid in the stomach (due to chronic inflammation of the stomach, called atrophic gastritis) and arthritis (sometimes osteoarthritis).

Bone loss (osteoporosis) is actually associated with LOWER risk for osteoarthritis, although it has its own detrimental effects, so one should treat osteoporosis (and prevent osteoarthritis in other ways).

Q. Is osteoporosis preventable? My mother had osteoporosis and I already have osteopenia which may lead to it. How can I prevent it??

A. Prevention of osteoporosis, in it's strict sense, is done mainly during childhood through early adulthood (third decade) - the years during which the peak bone density is determined. At older age, treatment of osteoporosis, apart from medications, include vitamin D and calcium supplementation, physical activity and avoiding smoking and excess alcohol consumption.

There are also medications to treat osteoporosis, mainly from the bisphosphanate class. However, remember to consult your doctor before you make any change in your diet or start exercise program.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/osteoporosis.html

More discussions about osteopenia
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