distraction osteogenesis

(redirected from Osteogenisis)

distraction osteogenesis

a technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

dis·trac·tion os·te·o·gen·e·sis

(dis-trak'shŭn os'tē-ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
A technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

distraction osteogenesis

Abbreviation: DO
A method of lengthening bones by making a series of controlled fractures which are then spread to desired locations and held in place with hinges, rods, and/or wires. The technique is used primarily in orthopedic or maxillofacial surgery to repair deficits in long bones or facial bones.
See also: osteogenesis

distraction

1. diversion of attention.
2. separation of joint surfaces without rupture of their binding ligaments and without displacement.
3. surgical separation of the two parts of a bone after it is transected.

distraction index
a measure of hip laxity in which the degree of subluxation demonstrated radiographically when some stress is applied to the femurs is assessed as an indicator of hip dysplasia in dogs.
distraction osteogenesis
the development of new bone growth in an area subjected to gradual tension stress by the deliberate separation of fragments by traction.
References in periodicals archive ?
28in Height of Stacey Herald, who has growth disorder osteogenisis imperfecta
Stacey suffers from a rare genetic condition called Osteogenisis Imperfecta, which hinders her growth and causes underdeveloped lungs and brittle bones, reports The Telegraph.
Caroline, 38, was born with a genetic condition, OsteoGenisis Imperfect, brittle bone disease, which means her bones are incredibly fragile.
Steven Stice, ArunA CSO and Co-Founder commented, "CELL-EZ hMC(TM) will provide a human cell based format for a wide range of research in areas from osteogenisis to cancer research.
Distraction osteogenisis is another treatment option in reconstruction of deficient bony areas.
Ali has osteogenisis imperfecta and uses a motorized wheelchair for mobility.
Steven was diagnosed with osteogenisis imperfecta, or brittle bone disease, when he was just one day old.