osteitis fibrosa cystica

(redirected from Osteitis fibrosa)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

osteitis

 [os″te-i´tis]
inflammation of bone, often with enlargement, tenderness, and a dull, aching pain.
alveolar osteitis dry socket.
condensing osteitis osteitis with hard deposits of earthy salts in affected bone.
osteitis defor´mans rarefying osteitis of unknown cause resulting in deformed bones of increased mass leading to bowing of the long bones and deformation of the flat bones. See also paget's disease.
osteitis fibro´sa cys´tica rarefying osteitis with fibrous degeneration and the formation of cysts and the presence of fibrous nodules on the affected bones, due to osteoclastic activity secondary to hyperparathyroidism. If a tumor of the parathyroid gland is the cause of the hyperparathyroidism, treatment includes removal of the tumor. When the disease is generalized, all the bones are affected (von recklinghausen's disease). Orthopedic surgery may be necessary to correct severe bone deformities.
osteitis fragi´litans osteogenesis imperfecta.
osteitis fungo´sa chronic osteitis in which the haversian canals are dilated and filled with granulation tissue.
rarefying osteitis a bone disease in which the inorganic matter is diminished and the hard bone becomes cancellated.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

os·te·i·tis fi·bro·sa cys·ti·ca

increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue, caused by primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A hyperparathyroidism-induced tumour-like mass of bony tissue characterised by fibrosis, cyst formation, marked osteoclastic resorption, multinucleated giant cells, and hemosiderin—which imparts the brown color deposits and rounded, cyst-like radiologic defects; brown tumours also occur in 2º hyperparathyroidism and may be the first sign of renal osteodystrophy in patients with ESRD who are kept alive by renal dialysis, and have enough time to develop the osseous reaction
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

osteitis fibrosa cystica

Albright syndrome, McCune-Albright disease, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia An AD condition possibly related to altered regulation of cAMP Clinical Precocious puberty, polyostotic–cystic fibrous dysplasia with spontaneous fractures at young age, cafe-au-lait spots of skin, ovarian cysts, endocrinopathy–eg, hyperthyroidism, hypophosphatemia and cyclical–4-6 wk–fluctuations of plasma estrogen; afflicted young girls have ↓ gonadotropins and ↓ response to LH-RH Lab ↑ Testosterone, ↑ alk phos Treatment Aromatase inhibitor testolactone. See Luteinizing hormone-releasing factor.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

os·te·i·tis fi·bro·sa cys·ti·ca

(os'tē-ī'tis fī-brō'să sis'ti-kă)
Increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue, due to primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts.
Synonym(s): Recklinghausen disease of bone.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

osteitis fibrosa cystica

A disorder characterized by many large bone cysts filled with fibrous tissue. These are readily visible on X-ray. The condition is due to generalized bone demineralization due to an increased output of PARATHYROID hormone (HYPERPARATHYROIDISM).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Recklinghausen,

Friedrich Daniel von, German histologist and pathologist, 1833-1910.
central Recklinghausen disease type II - congenital disorder characterized by café-au-lait spots, intertriginous freckling, iris hamartomas, and multiple skin neurofibromas.
Recklinghausen disease of bone - increased osteoclastic resorption of calcified bone with replacement by fibrous tissue due to primary hyperparathyroidism or other causes of the rapid mobilization of mineral salts. Synonym(s): osteitis fibrosa cystica
Recklinghausen disease type I - Synonym(s): von Recklinghausen disease
Recklinghausen disease type II - Synonym(s): von Recklinghausen disease
Recklinghausen tonometer
Recklinghausen tumor - a small benign tumor of the male epididymis and female genital tract. Synonym(s): adenomatoid tumor
Recklinghausen-Applebaum disease - a condition of hemochromatosis.
von Recklinghausen disease - two distinct major hereditary disorders: type I (neurofibromatosis type II), and central type II (neurofibromatosis type I). Synonym(s): neurofibromatosis
von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Smith, "Spontaneous healing of osteitis fibrosa cystica in primary hyperparathyroidism," Postgraduate Medical Journal, vol.
Osteitis fibrosa cystica simulating metastatic tumor: an almost-forgotten relationship.
Syndrome characterized by osteitis fibrosa disseminata, areas of pigmentation and endocrine dysfunction, with precocious puberty in females: reports of five cases.
We have used the term tertiary hyperparathyroidism to describe the state in which the active parathyroid cell mass evolves into an adenoma (autonomous production of PTH) in one gland on the background of longstanding secondary hyperparathyroidism in mothers with vitamin D deficiency osteomalacia and the remaining parathyroid glands remain hyperplastic, with hypercalcaemia and osteitis fibrosa as the major hallmarks of the disease.
Symptomatic pHPT, or osteitis fibrosa cystica, has decreased because of lower levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the disease.
This narrative should address iron deficiency; concomitant conditions such as infection, inflammation, or malignancy; unrecognized blood loss; hemolysis, bone marrow dysplasia, or refractory anemia for a reason other than renal disease (e.g., aluminum toxicity); folic acid or vitamin B12 deficiency; the presence of malignancies or osteitis fibrosa cystica; and individual patient characteristics, such as weight and Hgb response.
Metastasizing carcinoma of the parathyroid gland with osteitis fibrosa cystica and extensive calcinosis.
For example, testing for gestational diabetes is reportedly done using a 50 mg glucose screen, with abnormal results followed by a 100 mg dose glucose tolerance test; PTH elevation in hyperthyroidism is said to cause osteitis fibrosa cystica; estimation of creatinine clearance from the Cockcroft-Gault formula in women is said to be equal to 0.85 times serum creatinine.
* Circumstances in which the bone marrow is replaced with other tissue: The narrative should include a statement on whether red blood cell production is being affected by chronic conditions that affect the bone marrow, such as a malignancy or osteitis fibrosa cystica.