osmotic diuresis


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os·mot·ic di·u·re·sis

diuresis due to a high concentration of osmotically active substances in the renal tubules (for example, urea, sodium sulfate), which limit the reabsorption of water.

osmotic diuresis

diuresis resulting from the presence of certain nonabsorbable substances in tubules of the kidney, such as mannitol, urea, or glucose.

diuresis

increased excretion of the urine.

cold diuresis
occurs in hypothermia as a result of peripheral vasoconstriction, hyperglycemia and decreased renal tubular absorption.
osmotic diuresis
due to increased concentration of solutes which are not reabsorbed in the proximal tubules and which, by osmotic pressure, cause water to be retained. See also osmotic diuretic.
postobstruction diuresis
due to the diuretic effect of urea and electrolytes retained during the period of obstruction.
water diuresis
ingestion and excretion of an excess of water, without a corresponding amount of sodium; involves expansion of plasma volume, increased left atrial pressure and inhibition of ADH. See also obligatory water diuresis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mylle, "Micropuncture study of pressures in proximal and distal tubules and peritubular capillaries of the rat kidney during osmotic diuresis," The American Journal of Physiology, vol.
The causes are multiple and include decreased mineral intake due to anorexia and vomiting, and excessive and inappropriate urinary losses due to a combination of osmotic diuresis, metabolic acidosis, and organic aciduria.
The decrease in the rate of NMC in diabetic patients could be due to a decrease in ATPase activity, poor stimulation (due to neuropathy), osmotic diuresis (with its loss of water and electrolytes), and altered carbohydrate metabolism.
This glucose production contributes even further to the ongoing hyperglycemia and increasing serum osmolarity and osmotic diuresis.
Despite this potential limitation to obtaining a history from the patient, the nurse should attempt to elicit from family members or significant others the common complaint of polyuria and polydipsia, which are secondary to the osmotic diuresis.
Working with patients to minimize the risk of adverse events such as genital mycotic infection and those related to osmotic diuresis, with appropriate monitoring of body weight, BP, and kidney function, will facilitate the optimal use of SGLT-2 inhibitor therapy.
These include genital mycotic infections, urinary tract infections, and adverse events related to osmotic diuresis (pollakiuria), polyuria, and volume depletion.
6a - Substitutes plasma and liquid producing osmotic diuresis - 3 positions assortment,- Package No.
7] Achieving moderate diabetic control may be of some benefit to the patient, possibly avoiding hypoglycemia and extreme hyperglycemia, lowering risk of infection, improving functional status, and avoiding osmotic diuresis.