chlorinated hydrocarbon

(redirected from Organochloride)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Organochloride: organochlorine

hydrocarbon

 [hi″dro-kahr´bon]
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
alicyclic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties.
aliphatic hydrocarbon one in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring.
aromatic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and a closed conjugated system of double bonds.
chlorinated hydrocarbon any hydrocarbon compound with chlorine substitutions; many are toxic. They are used mainly as refrigerants, industrial solvents, dry cleaning fluids, and insecticides (such as ddt and dieldrin). Some have been used as anesthetics, such as chloroform.

chlorinated hydrocarbon

a HYDROCARBON containing chlorine, such as the insecticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane). These compounds persist in the environment and can accumulate in various ANIMALS and in FOOD CHAINS. Such properties have restricted the use of the compounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1993 local unions joined Coletivo Alternativa Verde (Green Alternative Collective) and Greenpeace, and filed a complaint in the courts, citing contamination of Vila Carioca with hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and organochlorides.
During part of the 1960 and 1970 decades, the areas located in the cities of Santos, Sao Vicente, Cubatao, Praia Grande and Itanhaem, Sao Paulo State's Coast, received organochloride substances, without any sort of control or monitoring, contaminating soil and ground water, impairing the health of the workers and of the population from the surrounding areas (Almeida, Centeno, Bisinoti, & Jardim, 2007).
Organochlorides, which include dioxins and biphenyls, are persistent organic pollutants linked to toxic effects on humans.
While exposure to certain organochlorides proved to increase total spermatic number and total sperm motility levels, other pesticides have the adverse effects and are associated to a reduction in these levels.
Yet, organophosphates--which are related to forms of nerve gas (38)--are also far more acutely toxic in their short lives than the dangerous organochlorides they replaced.
In the 1940s, they became involved in the production of organochloride herbicides and DDT.
Organochloride pesticide pollution, especially DDT and endrin, caused drastic population reductions in the 1960s.
Organochloride pesticides like DDT were a great boon to agriculture as well as to human health by preventing insect-borne diseases.
Current regulations prohibit the importation, production and application of the worst of the persistent organochloride poisons - DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, Chlordane and Heptachlor.
In Mexico, there are official norms that regulate the chemical content in fishery products for human consumption, the NOM-027SSA1-1993 for the fresh-refrigerated and freezed aquatic products, and NOM-028SSA1-1993 for the preserved ones, specify that those products must not contain organochloride pesticide such as aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor chlordecon (kepone) or others forbidden in the Official Catalogue of Pesticides CICOPLAFEST (1998).
We used the following environmental estrogens in our studies: organochloride pesticides or their metabolites (endosulfan, dieldrin, and DDE); a by-product of plastics manufacturing (nonylphenol); and the PCBs Aroclor 1242 and Aroclor 1254.