chlorinated hydrocarbon

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Related to Organochloride: organochlorine

hydrocarbon

 [hi″dro-kahr´bon]
an organic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen only.
alicyclic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and aliphatic properties.
aliphatic hydrocarbon one in which no carbon atoms are joined to form a ring.
aromatic hydrocarbon one that has cyclic structure and a closed conjugated system of double bonds.
chlorinated hydrocarbon any hydrocarbon compound with chlorine substitutions; many are toxic. They are used mainly as refrigerants, industrial solvents, dry cleaning fluids, and insecticides (such as ddt and dieldrin). Some have been used as anesthetics, such as chloroform.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

chlorinated hydrocarbon

a HYDROCARBON containing chlorine, such as the insecticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane). These compounds persist in the environment and can accumulate in various ANIMALS and in FOOD CHAINS. Such properties have restricted the use of the compounds.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1993 local unions joined Coletivo Alternativa Verde (Green Alternative Collective) and Greenpeace, and filed a complaint in the courts, citing contamination of Vila Carioca with hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and organochlorides. Since then, despite investigations by local health and environmental authorities, progress, if any, has been slow.
Necessity was invoked to excuse the illegal acts committed to avoid the acute danger to human life and health generated by the release of organochlorides. The court rejected the defence on the basis that, since the act of resisting arrest does not address a peril, the accused obviously had the alternative not to break the law.
Yet, organophosphates--which are related to forms of nerve gas (38)--are also far more acutely toxic in their short lives than the dangerous organochlorides they replaced.
Their lab hit list includes: PCBs (polychlori nated biphenyls), PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), and a number of organochloride pesticides and herbicides, such as DDT, lindane, endosulfan, atrazine and 2,4,5-T-some seriously poisonous compounds.
Topics of interest include the political implications in matters of child health, research on children's sensitivity to genotoxic substances and on in utero exposition to environmental agents such as organochloride pesticides and subsequent allergies.
Solutia also took with it Monsanto's legal liability, resulting from decades of toxic chemical production, from PCBs to organochloride weed killers, including the notorious Agent Orange.
It has been associated with a combination of bacterial, protozoal and viral infections, exposure to toxic chemicals - especially organophosphates and organochloride insecticides - and severe or prolonged stress.
The [O.sub.3]/Mn(II) and [O.sub.3]/Fe(II) systems were more effective in the removal of organochloride compounds than the [O.sub.3]/Fe(III) and [O.sub.3]/high pH systems.
Organochloride pesticide pollution, especially DDT and endrin, caused drastic population reductions in the 1960s.
Organochloride pesticides like DDT were a great boon to agriculture as well as to human health by preventing insect-borne diseases.
Current regulations prohibit the importation, production and application of the worst of the persistent organochloride poisons - DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, Chlordane and Heptachlor.