solvent

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solvent

 [sol´vent]
1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the substance, usually a liquid, in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt),
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, that is, dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

/sol·vent/ (sol´vent)
1. dissolving; effecting a solution.
2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution present in greater amount.

solvent

[sol′vənt]
Etymology: L, solvere, to dissolve
1 any liquid in which another substance can be dissolved.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
an organic liquid, such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and other volatile petroleum distillates, that when inhaled can cause intoxication as well as damage to mucous membranes of the nose and throat and the tissues of the kidney, liver, and brain. Repeated, prolonged exposure can result in addiction, brain damage, blindness, and other serious consequences, some of them fatal. See also benzene poisoning, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, glue sniffing, petroleum distillate poisoning.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

a liquid in which another substance (a SOLUTE) may be dissolved to form a solution; the solvent is the larger part of the solution.

solvent

agent that dissolves fats or greases, e.g. alcohol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ether

solvent,

n a dissolving agent of a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent,

n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances; a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute.

solvent

1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the liquid in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

solvent drag
transfer of solutes across the intestinal wall by being carried along with the water flow driven by osmotic gradients across cell membranes.
solvent extraction of oil seeds
the oil is extracted by organic solvents, a modern process largely displacing extraction by pressure. The resulting cake or meal may be toxic, e.g. trichloroethylene extracted soybean meal.
solvent poisoning
cases of poisoning may be due to the solvent used in a medication, especially when these are petroleum products, as they are in many insecticide preparations.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the treatment with organic solvents, changes in the composition of rice husk were observed, which were in line with the previous studies conducted by (Remsinget.
Five hundred and twenty five uL Hamilton syringes (Bonaduz, Switzerland) were used to inject the organic solvent into aqueous samples.
The authors looked for associations between 15 categories of congenital heart defects and exposure to types of organic solvents known to be relatively common in the workplace.
Thermogravimetric (TG) curves of SF treated with different organic solvents were showed in Figure 6.
1999a, "Growth of organic solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas aeruginosa LST-03 in the presence of various organic solvents and production of lipolytic enzyme in the presence cyclohexane," Biochem.
These findings also suggest that organic solvents probably adversely affect brain development in some children, resulting in effects similar to those of other occupational toxins such as lead and mercury.
Historically, coatings have been formulated with a blend of organic solvents.
Researchers at Express have discovered that at optimum temperatures and pressures, superheated water behaves in ways similar to an organic solvent, and can increase solubility.
Among the women with organic solvent exposure, 12 of the fetal malformations occurred in the 75 women who had symptoms, such as eye or respiratory irritation, temporally associated with their exposure.
Today, most national legislation on chemical emissions introduces the concept of controlling VOCS volatile organic compounds) following another EC directive that VOC emissions must be reduced progressively with the aim of eliminating organic solvent processes in industry.
Color-component soluble organic solvent, white shade,