solvent

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solvent

 [sol´vent]
1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the substance, usually a liquid, in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt),
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, that is, dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

/sol·vent/ (sol´vent)
1. dissolving; effecting a solution.
2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution present in greater amount.

solvent

[sol′vənt]
Etymology: L, solvere, to dissolve
1 any liquid in which another substance can be dissolved.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
an organic liquid, such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and other volatile petroleum distillates, that when inhaled can cause intoxication as well as damage to mucous membranes of the nose and throat and the tissues of the kidney, liver, and brain. Repeated, prolonged exposure can result in addiction, brain damage, blindness, and other serious consequences, some of them fatal. See also benzene poisoning, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, glue sniffing, petroleum distillate poisoning.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

a liquid in which another substance (a SOLUTE) may be dissolved to form a solution; the solvent is the larger part of the solution.

solvent

agent that dissolves fats or greases, e.g. alcohol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ether

solvent,

n a dissolving agent of a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent,

n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances; a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute.

solvent

1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the liquid in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

solvent drag
transfer of solutes across the intestinal wall by being carried along with the water flow driven by osmotic gradients across cell membranes.
solvent extraction of oil seeds
the oil is extracted by organic solvents, a modern process largely displacing extraction by pressure. The resulting cake or meal may be toxic, e.g. trichloroethylene extracted soybean meal.
solvent poisoning
cases of poisoning may be due to the solvent used in a medication, especially when these are petroleum products, as they are in many insecticide preparations.
References in periodicals archive ?
The authors looked for associations between 15 categories of congenital heart defects and exposure to types of organic solvents known to be relatively common in the workplace.
Thermogravimetric (TG) curves of SF treated with different organic solvents were showed in Figure 6.
1999a, "Growth of organic solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas aeruginosa LST-03 in the presence of various organic solvents and production of lipolytic enzyme in the presence cyclohexane," Biochem.
These findings also suggest that organic solvents probably adversely affect brain development in some children, resulting in effects similar to those of other occupational toxins such as lead and mercury.
A typical solvent based coating may contain a blend of up to a dozen or so organic solvents with different vapour pressures, solubilities, evaporation rates, surface tensions etc to influence the balance of desired coatings properties as indicated earlier.
patent covering a nail varnish that is comprised of, in a cosmetically acceptable medium, at least one film-forming polymer that is soluble in an organic solvent in an amount greater than 90% by weight at 25[degrees]C.
In a first step, the enzyme is reacted in an organic solvent with a bifunctional monomer such as p-phenylene diisocyanate, 4-methyl-m-phenylene diisocyanate or 4,4'-methylenebisphenyl diisocyanate, and in a second step a bifunctional amine such as N-phenylethylenediamine, 1,6-diaminohexane, N,N'-diethyl-ethylenediamine or 1,4-diaminobutane is added.
These can be extracted by an organic solvent and are not lost when the extract is concentrated, but can be volatized at the temperatures of the gas chromatograph column.
The scientists created the surprising substance by mixing alpha-cyclodextrine--whose molecules are loops made of six glucose molecules--with water and the common, foul-smelling organic solvent 4-methylpyridine.
Instituto Mexicano del Petroleo (Mexico) and Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (Mexico) have patented a method of removing thiophenic and organosulfide compounds from a fossil fuel comprising the steps of contacting the fossil fuel with hemoproteins, which oxidize the sulfur containing compounds to sulfoxides and sulfones in a reaction system containing organic solvent or not, and followed by a distillation step in which sulfoxides and sulfones are removed from the fuel.