Orbivirus


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orbivirus

 [or´bĭ-vi″rus]
any member of a genus of RNA viruses, some of which have been found to cause disease in areas of the world such as Central Africa and Siberia. Mosquitoes, ticks, and sandflies are vectors.

Or·bi·vi·rus

(ōr'bi-vī'rŭs),
A genus of viruses of vertebrates (family Reoviridae) that multiply in arthropods, including certain viruses formerly included with the arboviruses. They are antigenically distinct from other groups of viruses and are characterized by an indistinct but rather large outer layer of capsomeres that give the appearance of rings (hence the name). The genus includes, among others, bluetongue virus of sheep and African horse sickness virus.
[L. orbis, ring, + virus]

orbivirus

/or·bi·vi·rus/ (or´bĭ-vi″rus) any virus of the genus Orbivirus.

Orbivirus

/Or·bi·vi·rus/ (or´bĭ-vi″rus) orbiviruses; a genus of viruses of the family Reoviridae, infecting a variety of vertebrates, including humans; it includes Orungo virus.

Orbivirus

[ôr′bivī′rəs]
Etymology: L, orbis, ring
a genus of the Reoviridae family of viruses that contains double-stranded ribonucleic acid. It is characterized by an outer layer of rings of capsomeres. Insects are hosts for orbiviruses. Colorado tick fever and African horse sickness are among infections caused by species of these viruses. Orbiviruses are primarily animal pathogens; only 7 out of 100 of these are linked to clinical human disease.

Or·bi·vi·rus

(ōr'bi-vī'rŭs)
A genus of viruses of vertebrates that multiply in insects, including human Colorado tick fever virus.
[L. orbis, ring, + virus]

Orbivirus

a genus in the the family Reoviridae that includes African horse sickness, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer and Ibaraki disease viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic and biological characterization of Muko virus, a new distinct member of the species Great Island virus (genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae), isolated from ixodid ticks in Japan.
Toggenburg Orbivirus a new bluetongue virus: initial detection first observations in field and experimental infection of goats and sheep.
El virus de Lengua Azul (VLA) es miembro del genero Orbivirus de la familia Reoviridae.
Toggenburg Orbivirus, a new bluetongue virus: Initial detection, first observations in field and experimental infection of goats and sheep.
Genetic and epidemiological characterization of Stretch Lagoon orbivirus, a novel orbivirus isolated from Culex and Aedes mosquitoes in northern Australia.
NovareDx EHDV Detection Kit is specific, with no cross-reactivity with bluetongue virus (BTV) serogroup, another member of the genus Orbivirus.
The genus Orbivirus was named for the ring-shaped capsomers making up the inner capsid (orbi is Latin for ring) and contains Kemerovo virus (an arbovirus transmitted by ticks causing febrile illness in Siberia), Orungo virus (a mosquito-borne virus that causes febrile illness in Africa), Lebombo virus (a rare, possibly mosquito-borne virus that causes febrile illness in Nigeria), and Changuinola virus (a fly transmitted virus that causes febrile illness in Panama).
African horse sickness (AHS) is a severe, often fatal disease of equids that is caused by AHS virus (AHSV), a member of the genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae (1).
La LA (lengua azul) es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por un virus ARN bicatenario perteneciente al genero Orbivirus de la familia Reoviridae (Schwartz-Cornil et al.
Orbivirus Bluetongue virus) and serotype 1 detection.
La Lengua Azul (LA) es una enfermedad de declaracion obligatoria, cuyo agente etiologico es un virus del genero Orbivirus (Fam.
Bluetongue virus (BTV), the causative agent of bluetongue, is the prototype virus of the genus Orbivirus in the family Reoviridae (2).