The perturbed piece of orbital interferes with the unperturbed portion.
To image nitrogen's outermost electron orbital, the scientists rotated and shot bunches of nitrogen molecules from 19 different angles, each 5 degrees apart.
However, the orbital wave functions in those structures may be so sprawling and complex that perturbing them with a laser may yield emissions so tainted with extraneous information that scientists won't be able to make sense of them.
The outermost electrons of the atoms absorbed the energy and assumed ever-larger orbital distances from the atoms' nuclei.
As a result of the merger, each share of Orbital common stock will be converted into the right to receive 0.449 shares of common stock of ATK, with cash paid in lieu of fractional shares.
Orbital Sciences Corporation (NYSE: ORB) said its stockholders voted to approve the proposed merger with the aerospace and defense groups of Alliant Techsystems Inc.
Orbital develops and manufactures small- and medium-class rockets and space systems for commercial, military and civil government customers.
Thales Alenia Space, a joint venture between Thales (67 percent) and Finmeccanica (33 percent), is a key European player in space telecommunications, navigation, Earth observation, exploration and orbital
The new company, to be called Orbital
ATK, Inc., will serve US and international customers with leading positions in the markets for space launch vehicles and propulsion systems, tactical missiles and defense electronics, satellites and space systems, armament systems and ammunition, and commercial and military aircraft structures and related components.