oral candidiasis


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candidiasis

 [kan″dĭ-di´ah-sis]
infection by fungi of the genus Candida, generally C. albicans, most commonly involving the skin, oral mucosa (thrush), respiratory tract, or vagina; occasionally there is a systemic infection or endocarditis. It is most often associated with pregnancy, glycosuria, diabetes mellitus, or use of antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that in the United States this condition is the fourth most common cause of nosocomial infections of the blood stream. Called also candidosis and moniliasis.

The most prominent symptom of vaginitis due to Candida infection is severe itching. Sexual transmission is unlikely. Intravaginal cream containing miconazole or clotrimazole, applied each night for one week, usually clears up the infection. Difficulty or pain with swallowing, or retrosternal pain, may indicate candidiasis of the esophagus. Systemic antifungal therapy is indicated for esophagitis and other more severe forms of the disease. Therapeutic options include ketoconazole, fluconazole, and amphotericin b. Chronic suppressive therapy is sometimes required for severely immunocompromised patients. The Infectious Disease Society of America has published “Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Candidiasis” on their web site, http://www.idsociety.org.
atrophic candidiasis oral candidiasis marked by erythematous, pebbled patches on the hard or soft palate, buccal mucosa, and dorsal surface of the tongue, a complication of numerous different conditions such as vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus, or poorly fitting dentures. There are acute forms and a chronic form called denture stomatitis.
bronchopulmonary candidiasis candidiasis of the respiratory tree, occurring in a mild afebrile form manifested as chronic bronchitis, and in a usually fatal form resembling tuberculosis. Called also bronchocandidiasis.
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis a group comprising a number of varying forms of Candida infection, marked by chronic candidiasis of the skin and nails and the mucous membranes of the mouth and vagina that is resistant to treatment; it may be localized or diffuse, is sometimes familial, and may be associated with disorders of the immune and endocrine systems.
endocardial candidiasis Candida endocarditis.
oral candidiasis thrush.
pulmonary candidiasis a type of fungal pneumonia caused by infection with Candida species, seen especially in immunocompromised patients or those with malignancies. Called also Candida pneumonia.
vaginal candidiasis (vulvovaginal candidiasis) candidal infection of the vagina, and usually also the vulva, commonly characterized by itching, creamy white discharge, vulvar redness and swelling, and dyspareunia. Called also Candida or candidal vaginitis and Candida or candidal vulvovaginitis.

oral candidiasis

Infectious disease A yeast infection of the adult oral mucosa, caused by Candida albicans, an opportunistic pathogen linked to immune compromise–eg, with AIDS, immunosuppression in transplants, chemotherapy, corticosteroids, DM, ↑ age, poor health, inherited immune defects, xerostomia Clinical Whitish plaques on oral mucosa which, if scraped away, leave a reddish base and pinpoint bleeding; OC may spread to the esophagus, producing candida esophagitis with dysphagia, and disseminate throughout the body–mortality of systemic candidiasis may reach 70%. See Oral thrush.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most commonly found lesions were oral candidiasis in various forms (3,7,14,18), gingivitis (2,13,14,16), acute her petic gingivostomatitis (2), linear gingival erythema (1,10,17), oral hairy leukoplakia (5,9,13), Kaposi's sarcoma (1,5,15) and parotid enlargement (4,13,15,19).
1% incidence of oral candidiasis in the group of ixekizumab-treated patients, the vast majority of whom responded well to appropriate therapy.
In addition, many predisposing factors have been identified as important in the development of oral candidiasis including malnourishment, common endocrine disorders such as diabetes mellitus, antibacterial drug therapy, corticosteroids, radiotherapy and other immunocompromised conditions.
Oral candidiasis is an opportunistic infection caused by Candida.
The most common oral mucosa lesions that can be found after thorough oral examination of renal transplant recipients are gingival hyperplasia, oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia and saburral tongue (39).
Oral lesions especially oral candidiasis, necrotizing periodontal conditions, Kaposi sarcoma, oral hairy leukoplakia, oral warts and recurrent oral ulcers are essentially related to HIV/AIDS disease progression.
The magnitude of this syndrome has far-reaching concerns beyond xerostomia, dental caries and oral candidiasis.
In vitro activity of Cinnamonum zeylanicum against azole resistant and sensitive Candida species and a pilot study of cinnamon for oral candidiasis.
Many predisposing factors for oral candidiasis have been studied in experimental models, such as: broad-spectrum antibiotics therapy [7, 8], the use of acrylic prosthesis [9], diabetes mellitus [10], topical use of corticosteroids [11], xerostomia [12, 13] and immunosuppressive therapy [4, 14].
12) Oral candidiasis is caused by Candida yeasts, which are present in the oral cavities of approximately half of all healthy individuals.
The faculty members had adequate knowledge regarding the oral manifestations associated with HIV/AIDS such as oral candidiasis (95.
Oral candidiasis, oral herpes simplex, and oral mucositis were the popular infectious diseases in the patients.