Oppenheim reflex


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Related to Oppenheim reflex: Oppenheim sign, Oppenheim test, Chaddock reflex, Gordon's reflex, Gordon reflex, Schaeffer reflex

Op·pen·heim re·flex

(op'en-hīm),
extension of the toes induced by scratching of the inner side of the leg or by following sudden flexion of the thigh on the abdomen and the leg on the thigh; a sign of cerebral irritation.

Oppenheim reflex

[op′ənhīm]
Etymology: Herman Oppenheim, German neurologist, 1858-1919
a variation of Babinski's reflex elicited by firmly stroking downward on the anterior and medial surfaces of the tibia, characterized by extension of the great toe and fanning of other toes. It is a sign of pyramidal tract disease. Compare Chaddock reflex, Gordon's reflex. See also Babinski's reflex.

Op·pen·heim re·flex

(op'en-hīm rē'fleks)
Extension of the toes induced by scratching of the inner side of the leg or by sudden flexion of the thigh on the abdomen and the leg on the thigh; a sign of cerebral irritation.

Oppenheim,

Hermann, German neurologist, 1858-1919.
Minor-Oppenheim syndrome - Synonym(s): Minor syndrome
Oppenheim brace
Oppenheim congenital hypotonia
Oppenheim disease - Synonym(s): Oppenheim syndrome
Oppenheim gait
Oppenheim reflex - extension of the toes induced by scratching of the inner side of the leg, a sign of cerebral irritation.
Oppenheim sign - suggests pyramidal tract disease.
Oppenheim splint
Oppenheim spring wire splint
Oppenheim stroke test
Oppenheim syndrome - congenital atonic pseudoparalysis, observed especially in infants. Synonym(s): amyotonia congenita; Oppenheim disease
Ziehen-Oppenheim disease - see under Ziehen

response

reactive tissue response to stimulus
  • Babinski response see response, extensor plantar

  • Chaddock response provocation of extensor plantar response (in cases with upper motor neurone lesion) by stroking lateral side of lower leg from proximal to distal (compare with response, extensor plantar)

  • extensor plantar response; Babinski response; Babinski reflex slow, reflex dorsiflexion of hallux at first metatarsophalangeal joint, with fanning of lesser toes, and plantarflexion of fourth and fifth toes at 4/5 metatarsophalangeal joints when plantar skin is stimulated; normal in infants up to 7 months old; diagnostic of upper motor neurone lesion in older subjects (see sign, Babinski's; response, Chaddock; response, Gordon; response, Oppenheim)

  • Gordon response provocation of extensor plantar response, by squeezing posterior calf area; indicative of upper motor neurone lesion

  • Oppenheim response; Oppenheim reflex provocation of extensor plantar response, by stroking either side of tibial crest from proximal to distal; indicative of upper motor neurone lesion