opium

(redirected from Opium trade)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

opium

 [o´pe-um]
the air-dried milky exudation from unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum and P.album (the opium poppies). It contains some 25 alkaloids, the most important being codeine, morphine (from which heroin is derived), noscapine, papaverine, and thebaine, all of which can be used for their narcotic and analgesic effects. Opium is poisonous in large doses; because it is highly addictive, production and cultivation of the poppies is prohibited by most nations by international agreement, and its sale or possession for other than medical uses is strictly prohibited by federal, state, and local laws. See also drug abuse.

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm),
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum (family Papaveraceae) or the variant, P. album. Contains some 20 alkaloids, including morphine, noscapine, codeine, papaverine, and thebaine, about 10% all in varying amounts. Used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and for diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
Synonym(s): gum opium, meconium (2)
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]

opium

(ō′pē-əm)
n.
1. A bitter, yellowish-brown, strongly addictive narcotic drug prepared from the dried latex of unripe pods of the opium poppy and containing alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, and papaverine.
2. Something that numbs or stupefies.

opium

Substance abuse A narcotic from Papaver somniferum Pharmacologic effects Inhibits peristalsis–may induce constipation; used to ↓ GI cramps, diarrhea Overdose In excess, respiratory depression. See Heroin, Narcotic.

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm)
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum. Contains some 20 alkaloids, including morphine, noscapine, codeine, papaverine, and thebaine. Used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and for diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]

o·pi·um

(ō'pē-ŭm)
The air-dried milky exudation obtained by incising the unripe capsules of Papaver somniferum or the variant, P. album; used as an analgesic, hypnotic, and diaphoretic, and to treat diarrhea and spasmodic conditions.
[L. fr. G. opion, poppy-juice]
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the terms of this treaty, the port of Hong Kong was ceded to the British, alongwith areas surrounding it, opium trade was permitted and it was agreed that it be enhanced, the British arbitrarily fixed tariffs at rates favourable to them, accorded themselves 'extra-territorial' rights, according to which they could own property in China, denying the Chinese similar rights in their countries.
Despite criticisms, Karzai has faced a huge task of pulling together one of the world s poorest countries that suffers from warlords, decades of conflict, a huge opium trade and unstable neighbors like Pakistan.
Marjah is also thought to be the hub of the Taliban-controlled opium trade - which provides them with most of their funding.
He often mentions how Afghanistan's heroin and opium trade negatively affects Iran.
It may be 'joie de vivre' for him for the time being, but President Obama has clearly warned him to work against the rampant corruption and opium trade that have encouraged the resurgence of the Taliban.
"We have identified the global consequences of the Afghan opium trade. Some are devastating," said Antonio Maria Costa, executive director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Specifically, it looks to the recent evolution of the Afghan opium trade as a case study.
Tony Blair portrayed the war as a battle against drugs on the streets of Britain because we wanted to eradicate the opium trade.
Most of the chapters are thematic, looking specifically at the opium trade, heroin production and trafficking, methamphetamines, drug abuse, counter-narcotics legal efforts and a final analytical chapter on the business and politics of drugs.
troops were killed today) is the role of that country's thriving opium trade in the conflict.
Jesse Palsetia's article explicates the important role that Parsis played within the opium trade in Asia.
NATO's commander in Afghanistan urged the government to step up its fight against the opium trade, which is increasingly fuelling the insurgency.