opium poppy

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Related to Opium poppies: Papaver somniferum, poppy seed

opium poppy

n.
An annual plant (Papaver somniferum) native to southwest Asia, having grayish-green leaves and variously colored flowers and cultivated for its edible seeds and as the principal source of opium.

opium poppy

Herbal medicine
An annual, the unripe seeds of which contain alkaloids, including morphine, codeine and papaverine. The poppy has been used for than 5000 years in cultural rituals for inducing euphoria and reducing anxiety and inhibitions; the alkaloids are analgesic, antispasmodic and antitussive, and have been used for pain, colic and asthmatic attacks. Ripe poppy seeds have virtually no alkaloids and are often used as condiments.
 
Toxicity
Opium can cause fatal respiratory paralysis.

opium

the air-dried milky exudation from unripe capsules of the opium poppy Papaver somniferum or its variety P. somniferum album. Opium contains some 25 alkaloids, the most important being morphine (from which heroin is derived), narcotine, codeine, papaverine, thebaine and narceine; the alkaloids are used for their narcotic and analgesic effect. It is poisonous in large doses. Because it is highly addictive, opium production and cultivation of opium poppies is prohibited by most nations by international agreement, and its sale or possession for other than medical or veterinary uses is strictly prohibited by law.

camphorated tincture of opium
opium poppy
see papaversomniferum.
References in periodicals archive ?
In choosing a field to grow opium poppies, soil quality, access to sunlight, and acidity are critical factors, so experienced poppy farmers choose their fields carefully.
In terms of cultivating opium poppies, it's illegal - end of story.
In 2007 Hampshire produced 1,238 hectares of opium poppies.
The spraying of the opium poppies in Afghanistan with herbicides may well be dismissed as simplistic and naive in the overall geo-political big picture of the war against terrorism.
In Helmand, the absence of security and government control has enabled the province to become Afghanistan's largest grower of opium poppies, which are used to make heroin.
Taliban and al-Qaida militants believed to be funded by narco-gangs have warned that they will attack government forces if they eradicate opium poppies.
Specimens include opium poppies, which are used to produce heroin and morphine, cocaine and cannabis plants, hallucinogenic mushrooms and tobacco.
Cannabis, opium poppies, tobacco and the coca plant - the source of cocaine - feature in the centuries-old Alnwick Garden in Northumberland.
OPIUM poppies have been growing unnoticed along grass verges in West Wales.
The country's farmers, who are often struggling to survive, turn to opium poppies as a quick cash crop.
New measures by the Afghan Government to eradicate cultivation of opium poppies in Afghanistan have been welcomed by the European Commission, which has pledged financial and technical assistance to help the actions.
The American government has proposed using deadly fungi created in laboratories to kill opium poppies, coca, and cannabis plants in Southeast and Central Asia, Mexico, Central, and South America.