opioid

(redirected from Opiod)
Also found in: Dictionary.

opioid

 [o´pe-oid]
1. any synthetic narcotic that has opiate-like activities but is not derived from opium.
2. denoting naturally occurring peptides, such as enkephalins, that exert opiate-like effects by interacting with opiate receptors of cell membranes. See also opioid analgesic.

o·pi·oid

(ō'pē-oyd),
Originally, a term denoting synthetic narcotics resembling opiates but increasingly used to refer to both opiates and synthetic narcotics.

opioid

(ō′pē-oid′)
n.
Any of various compounds that bind to specific receptors in the central nervous system and have analgesic and narcotic effects, including naturally occurring substances such as morphine; synthetic and semisynthetic drugs such as methadone and oxycodone; and certain peptides produced by the body, such as endorphins. Also called opiate.

o′pi·oid′ adj.

opioid

adjective Referring to opium-like activity, especially on receptors.
 
noun
(1) A drug that has narcotic effects similar to opium (Papaver somniferum) but is not derived from it.
(2) An endogenous peptide (e.g., endorphin) that acts on opioid receptors.

opioid

Neurology A pain-attenuating peptide that occurs naturally in the brain, which induces analgesia by mimicking endogenous opioids at opioid receptors in the brain. See Opioid-mediated analgesia system.
Opioids
Agonists The most potent opioid agonists are morphine, meperidine, methadone; other opioids include hydromorphine–Dilaudid®, codeine, oxycodone–Percodan®, propoxyphene–Darvon®
Antagonists Naloxone–Narcan®
Mixed agonsts-antagonists Pentazocine–Talwin® 

o·pi·oid

(ō'pē-oyd)
A narcotic substance, either natural or synthetic.

Opioid

Any morphine-like synthetic narcotic that produces the same effects as drugs derived from the opium poppy (opiates), such as pain relief, sedation, constipation and respiratory depression.
Mentioned in: Anesthesia, General

o·pi·oid

(ō'pē-oyd)
Originally, synthetic narcotics resembling opiates but increasingly used to refer to both opiates and synthetic narcotics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Reddy said that IAMA, which consists of 7,000 physicians of Indian origi wants to involve FIA in a pilot project to overcome gun violence and opiod crisis at the University of Chicago.
In addition to significantly lower pain scores and lower opiod consumption with dexketoprofen than paracetamol, we also found lower incidence of nausea in the dexketoprofen group, but without statistical significance.
Further, opiod deaths continue to increase, killing more than 42,000 people in 2016.
Trevi is focused on developing the synthetic opiod Nalbuphine ER for chronic pruritic conditions.
16 April 2018 - Ohio, US-based faith-based behavioural healthcare services provider OhioGuidestone has agreed to acquire Ohio-based not-for-profit, substance abuse services provider A Renewed Mind to expand solutions to opiod epidemic, the organisation said.
The omnibus bill also provides $4 billionto help address prevention, treatment, and enforcement issues tied to the nation's opiod epidemic;more than $2.3 billion in new funding billion for mental health programs and other training;$37 billion for the National Institutes of Health, a $3 billion increase over FY17 to fund additional research and development of cures for major diseases; and $7.5 million to NTIA to coordinate broadband mapping across the Federal government and reconstitutes mapping coordination at NTIA.
Critics of the Trump administration approach to the US drug epidemic contend that the single most effective way to fight the opiod crisis is for the government to crack down on large pharmaceutical companies that are oversupplying pharmacies with opiods.
Since then, scrutiny has fallen on the opiod prescribers, and doctors aren't writing as many prescriptions.
His campaign against opiod addiction has received little funding and his infrastructure bill is far smaller than needed and promised.
A DRUG dealer who used the dark web to supply customers - including four that later died - with the powerful synthetic opiod fentanyl has been jailed for eight years.
Excluded 13 patients (hemodynamic instability = 04, prior opiod usage = 03, contraindications to study drugs = 03, refused consent = 03) and 60 patients were randomized into the two groups (morphine and fentanyl).
Medication Assisted Treatment for Opiod Use Disorder