Jacques Marescaux utilized a computer in New York City to manipulate a robot in Strasbourg, France to remove a patient's gallbladder during Operation Lindbergh. (15) Dr.
The setup of Operation Lindbergh was as follows: the doctor in New York worked at the robot control station, with a computer transmitting his commands.
Operation Lindbergh represents the first time technology reduced the time delay over a long distance transmission, thus making truly remote surgery possible.
For Operation Lindbergh, telecommunications provider France Telecom had to address the concern of a time delay in order to guarantee a successful operation.
In addition to the ZEUS[R] machine used in Operation Lindbergh, the other popular remote robotic surgery system is the da Vinci system from Intuitive.
(45) This is highlighted by Operation Lindbergh. (46) As discussed above, the possible distance that can exist between surgeon and patient is limited by the inherent delay of the fiberoptic transmission, which continues to be refined.
(15.) Press Release, Institute for Research into Cancer of the Digestive System, "Operation Lindbergh" A World First in YeleSurgery: The Surgical Act Crosses the Atlantic!
It is important to note that the technological structure described above applies to Intuitive's da Vinci[TM] robot (also at issue in the Mracek case), rather than the ZEUS[R] robot used in Operation Lindbergh, though both robots utilize the same transmission system.
A high-speed optical network helped to speed up data transmission for the gall bladder procedure, named Operation Lindbergh
after Charles Lindbergh, who made the first solo flight across the Atlantic in 1927.