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A traditional branch of metaphysics that deals with problems of being, existence, inner nature, meaning, etc. It is fundamental to problems involving normality and disease, individuality, responsibility, and the analysis of values. In recent years, it has been slowly assuming a place as a branch of medicine proper.


A formal specification of how to represent relationships among objects, concepts, and other entities belonging to a particular area of human experience or knowledge.

ontology (n·tˑ·l·gē),

n the metaphysical study of the state of being: focuses on the fundamentals of identity, disease, normalcy, and belief systems as they influence a person's existence.
References in periodicals archive ?
perspective that focuses on the power dynamics produced in the encounter between the dominant modern ontology and Indigenous ontologies as they are embodied in concrete practices (Blaser, 2009b: 18, emphasis added).
Next in the flow are existing ontologies and adopting ontologies.
To this scope, we have been interested in the fuzzy ontologies realization issue.
Ontologies on the other hand, have in many ways been visualised as conceptualisations that can encode constituents of knowledge into a single domain in order to deduce simpler inferences.
We created five OWL ontologies from GSPAS ontology (see table 3).
Ontologies defined in OWL may import subsets of other ontologies.
Chapter three addresses semantic web ontologies that are widely used today and points out that more are being developed.
Hence, unlike OWL, RDF is not specific to ontologies, it focuses on web resources.
Farrus and Costa-Jussa (2013) propose the generation of assessments on demand, where assessment is composed only of open questions, the authors do not specify the ontologies used in that process.
Ontology learning has recently become a major focus for research whose goal is to facilitate the construction of ontologies by decreasing the amount of effort required to produce an ontology for a new domain or to enrich existing ones.
Fonseca and Egenhofer (1999) use multiple ontologies with an object-oriented environment for GIS interoperability.

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