Onchocerca


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Onchocerca

 [ong″ko-ser´kah]
a genus of parasitic filaria. O. vol′vulus is a common parasite of humans, breeding in fast-flowing rivers and streams in tropical parts of the Americas and equatorial Africa, particularly West Africa. It is the etiologic agent of human onchocerciasis and is transmitted by the bites of blackflies (buffalo gnats) of the genus Simulium, in which the parasite passes part of its life cycle.

Onchocerca

(ong'kō-ser'kă),
A genus of elongated filariform nematodes (family Onchocercidae) that inhabit the connective tissue of their hosts, usually within firm nodules in which these parasites are coiled and entangled.
Synonym(s): Oncocerca
[G. onkos, a barb, + kerkos, tail]

Onchocerca

/On·cho·cer·ca/ (ong″ko-ser´kah) a genus of nematode parasites of the superfamily Filarioidea, including O. vol´vulus, which causes onchocerciasis.

Onchocerca

[ong′kōsər′kə]
Etymology: Gk, onkos, tumor + kerkos, tail
a genus of nematode parasites of the superfamily Filarioidea that infects humans and ruminants. The adults live and breed in subcutaneous fibroid nodules. The young (the microfilariae) are carried by the lymph and are found chiefly in the skin, subcutaneous connective tissues, and eyes. O. volvulus is a common parasite of humans that breeds in fast-flowing rivers and streams in tropical regions of the Americas and Africa, particularly West Africa. It is the cause of human onchocerciasis and is transmitted by the bites of buffalo gnats.

On·cho·cer·ca

(ong'kō-ser'kă)
A genus of elongated filariform nematodes that inhabit host's connective tissue, usually within firm nodules in which these parasites are coiled and entangled.
Synonym(s): Oncocerca.
[G. onkos, a barb, + kerkos, tail]

Onchocerca

a genus of nematode parasites in the family Onchocercidae. They are important as causes of onchocercosis. Their life cycles depend on the carriage of larval microfilariae by a variety of insects, chiefly mosquitoes, black flies and midges (families Simuliidae and Ceratopogonidae). The microfilariae are found in the lymph and connective tissue spaces of the skin. Called also Wehrdikmansia.

Onchocerca armillata
the microfilariae are found in the skin of the hump, withers, neck, dewlap and umbilicus and the adults in the aorta of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and donkeys.
Onchocerca bohmi
see elaeophorabohmi.
Onchocerca cebei
found in nodules on the brisket and the lateral aspects of the hindlimbs of buffalo. Called also O. sweetae.
Onchocerca cervicalis
found in the ligamentum nuchae of the horse and mule. The microfilariae are commonest in the area of the linea alba. Etiologically related to the occurrence of fistulous withers, poll evil, equine conjunctivitis and possibly equine recurrent ophthalmitis.
Onchocerca cervipedis
found in the subcutaneous tissues of the neck and limbs of deer.
Onchocerca dukei
adults are found in nodules in subcutaneous and perimuscular sites in cattle, mostly in the thorax, abdomen, diaphragm and thighs.
Onchocerca flexuosa
occurs in deer.
Onchocerca garmsi
parasites of deer.
Onchocerca gibsoni
found in nodules under the skin of the brisket or the lateral aspect of the hindlimbs of Bos taurus and Bos indicus cattle.
Onchocerca gutturosa
found in cattle and buffalo in the ligamentum nuchae, on the scapular cartilage and in the hip, shoulder and stifle areas.
Onchocerca lienalis
found in the gastrosplenic ligament, on the capsule of the spleen and above the xiphisternum in cattle.
Onchocerca ochengi
found in cattle, in nodules in cutaneous and subcutaneous sites on the udder, scrotum and flanks.
Onchocerca raillieti
adult worms are found in the ligamentum nuchae, in subcutaneous cysts on the penis and in perimuscular connective tissue of donkeys.
Onchocerca reticulata
a parasite of horses, mules and donkeys. Adult worms are found in the connective tissue of flexor tendons and suspensory ligament of the fetlock, mostly in the forelimb.
Onchocerca rugosicauda
found in the subcutaneous fascia in the shoulders and back of roe deer.
Onchocerca sweetae
see O. cebei (above).
Onchocerca synceri
found in subcutaneous tissues in African buffalo.
Onchocerca tarsicola
a parasite of deer.
Onchocerca tubingensis
a parasite of deer.
Onchocerca volvulus
causes dermatitis and ocular disease in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Canine ocular onchocercosis in the United States is associated with Onchocerca lupi.
A computational analysis of the binding mode of closantel as inhibitor of the Onchocerca volvulus chitinase: Insights on macrofilaricidal drug design.
Ivermectin kills the larvae but not the adult worms of Onchocerca volvulus, the parasite that causes the disease, so annual or biannual treatments are required to prevent resurgence.
The finding is bad news in the fight against this parasite, Onchocerca volvulus, which infects roughly 37 million people worldwide.
Sandfly Old World: Middle (protozoa) East, Mediterranean, India New World: Guatemala Yucatan, Brazil Loiasis Loa loa Fly West and Central (microfilarial (Chrysops) Africa nematode) Onchocerciasis Onchocerca Black fly Central/South volvulus America, Middle (microfilarial East, Africa nematode) African Rickettsia South Africa and tick bite africae and R.
Onchocerciasis, also known as river blindness, is caused by Onchocerca volvulus, a parasite transmitted by blackflies in riverside areas.
It is spread to humans by the bite of black flies infected with the parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus.
For example, river blindness--the second most common cause of blindness worldwide--has been attributed to chronic or recurrent infection by the parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus.
There is also important information that is not included or that is inadequately emphasized, such as the mortality associated with Plasmodium falciparum but not Plasmodium vivax, the division of Entomoeba histolytica into pathogenic and nonpathogenic (Entomoeba dispar) species, the inclusion of an eye worm (probably Loa loa) in the section on Wuchereria, the significance of Onchocerca as a cause of African river blindness, and the importance of Strongyloides autoinfection/ hyperinfection.
River blindness is caused by a parasitic worm known as the Onchocerca volvulus.
United States Patent 5,792,624, entitled "Dirofilaria and Onchocerca Larval L3 Cysteine Protease Proteins and Uses Thereof", which issued on August 11, 1998, and United States Patent 5,795,768, entitled "Filariid Nematode Cysteine Protease Proteins, Nucleic Acid Molecules and Uses Thereof", which issued on August 18, 1998, cover D.
RIVERFLY BLINDNESS (Onchocerciasis) is caused by small worms called Onchocerca volvulus.