oligodendrocyte

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oligodendroglia

 [ol″ĭ-go-den-drog´le-ah]
1. the non-neural cells of ectodermal origin forming part of the adventitial structure of the central nervous system.
2. the tissue composed of such cells.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

(ol'i-gō-den'drō-sīt),
A cell of the oligodendroglia.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

oligodendrocyte

(ŏl′ĭ-gō-dĕn′drə-sīt′, ō′lĭ-)
n.
One of the cells comprising the oligodendroglia.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

ol·i·go·den·dro·cyte

(ol'i-gō-den'drō-sīt)
A cell of the oligodendroglia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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OGLIODENDROCYTE

oligodendrocyte

(ol?i-go-den'tro-sit) [? + ? + kytos, cell]
A glial cell found most commonly in axon tracts; it myelinates axons in the central nervous system just as Schwann cells myelinate axons in the peripheral nervous system. Oligodendrocytes are neuroectodermal cells that originate from different precursors in the neural tube than astrocytes; later, stem cells in the subependymal layer can continue to generate new oligodendrocytes. Mature oligodendrocytes wrap neighboring axons in myelin, and some oligodendrocytes can simultaneously wrap many axons. However, not all oligodendrocytes myelinate axons.
Synonym: oligodendroglia See: illustration
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

oligodendrocyte

A connective cell of the central nervous system (glial cell) that participates in the formation of the myelin sheaths of nerve cell axons.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Note, all three isoforms of C/EBP[BETA] (full-length, LAP, and LIP) are expressed in human astrocytic and oligodendroglial cells, which are permissive for JCV replication.
Wright et al., "SMAD proteins of oligodendroglial cells regulate transcription of JC virus early and late genes coordinately with the Tat protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1," Journal of General Virology, vol.
(57) It is unclear, though, whether this histologic appearance is truly reflective of a derivation from oligodendroglial cells. Alternatively, these cells may be derived from more primitive tumor stem cells that can differentiate along a line of oligodendroglial differentiation.