Ogilvie syndrome

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Ogilvie syn·drome

pseudoobstruction, predominantly of the colon, believed to be the result of motility disturbance; without physical obstruction.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Og·il·vie syn·drome

(ō'gil-vē sin'drōm)
Pseudoobstruction, predominantly of the colon, believed to be the result of motility disturbance; without physical obstruction.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Ogilvie syndrome

[Sir William Heneage Ogilvie, Brit. physician, 1887–1971]
Acute intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to intestinal dilatation, mostly of the colon. A patient displaying this syndrome has usually undergone recent severe surgical or medical stress (such as myocardial infarction, sepsis, or respiratory failure), may be hospitalized or in intensive care, may have metabolic and electrolyte disturbances, and may have received narcotics.

Patient care

Treatment consists of therapy for the underlying disease, correction of electrolyte disturbances, avoidance of drugs that inhibit intestinal motility, and intubation of the small intestine for decompression. Colonoscopy may be required to avoid ischemic necrosis and perforation of the bowel.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners


Sir William Heneage, English surgeon, 1887-1971.
Ogilvie herniorrhaphy
Ogilvie syndrome - motility disturbance of the intestines.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Continuous neostigmine infusion versus bolus neostigmine in refractory Ogilvie syndrome. Am J Emerg Med 2011; 29: 576-3.
Wangui says the doctor told her she had the Ogilvie Syndrome which had caused the obstruction of the colon.
Liu, "Ogilvie syndrome: acute pseudo-obstruction of the colon," Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol.
We report a case of a rare but lethal complication of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG); Ogilvie syndrome. Coronary surgery is also reported to be complicated with gastrointestinal complications other than Ogilvie syndrome with an incidence of 1-2% (1, 2).
Several reasons for Ogilvie syndrome are reported in previous studies (2).
Ogilvie syndrome frequency after CABG has not been established.
These intestinal side effects include constipation, paralytic ileus, acute megacolon (Ogilvie syndrome), intestinal perforation, intestinal necrosis, and ischemic colitis [2-5].