Office of Alternative Medicine


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Office of Alternative Medicine

A section of the NIH established in 1992 by the US Congress, the purpose of which is to investigate the claims of efficacy for various forms of alternative therapy, and their possible health benefits; it was replaced in 1998 by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
References in periodicals archive ?
Even if you go back to 1992 when the Office of Alternative Medicine was created," says Johns Hopkins professor of biomedical engineering Steven L.
In 1999, because of confusion and controversy over terminology, Congress changed the title from Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM) to National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM).
Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) and Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) convinced Congress that the NIH should establish an Office of Alternative Medicine and awarded it a $2 million budget (Harkin believed that bee pollen, a popular alternative treatment, cured his allergies and wanted further scientific study).
The National Institutes of Health Office of Alternative Medicine defines its office as such:
A 1996 conference sponsored by the Office of Alternative Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, and the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences brought together representatives from nursing and medical schools as well as representatives from organizations such as the American Holistic Nurses' Association to discuss the needs for medical and nursing education to include information on complementary therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Office of Alternative Medicine.
Congress has upgraded the Office of Alternative Medicine to a full-fledged National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine within NIH, with a $50 million budget in fiscal 1999.
When Congress created the NIH Office of Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health in 1993, the authorizing legislation employed the phrase "alternative medicine," he explained.
The National Institutes of Health have established an Office of Alternative Medicine (OAM).
The comparative efficacy of alternative cancer therapy awaits more definitive analysis by the Office of Technology Assessment, the Office of Alternative Medicine at the National Institutes of Health, and academic research centers (Berman & Swyers, 1997).
Establishment of an Office of Alternative Medicine in the National Institutes of Health in 1992 has heartened advocates of CAM, increased interest and government funding for research into unorthodox therapies, and lent credibility to CAM modalities.
These include the National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR), which has an interest in pain and the relationship between temporomandibular disorders and fibromyalgia; the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), which has an interest in pain research; and three offices within the NIH Office of the Director: the Office of Alternative Medicine, the Office of Research on Women's Health, and the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research.

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