Raza et al.(2013) reported that age-wise prevalence of different GI nematodes in calf like Toxocara vitulorum was 25.64% while in adult animal it was 8.19%, Oesophagostomum radiatum
was 2.56% in calf as compared in adult animal (3.27%), Haemonchus placei was 2.56% in calf as compared to adult (0%) and Bunostomum phlebotomum was 2.56% in calf compared to adult (1.63%).
Strongyloides papillosus Trichuris globulosa Oesophagostomum radiatum Gongylonema verrucosum Trichuris discolor Teladorsagia ostertagi Fasciola gigantica Gastrothylax crumenifer Paramphistomum explanatum Cotylophoron cotylophorum
Oesophagostomum radiatum 22.86%###14.29%###1.05###12.00%###5.33%###1.10###13
Toxocara vitulorum, Oesophagostomum radiatum
, Bunostomum phlebotomum, Haemonchus placei; three trematodes, i.e.
The most important GI nematode responsible for considerable production losses in cattle is Oesophagostomum radiatum
To the best of our knowledge, only Oesophagostomum radiatum
chymotrypsin inhibitor (32 kDa) (Willadsen 1977), Erythrina variegata chymotrypsin inhibitor (40 kDa) (Iwanaga et al.
Similar to that observed by OLIVEIRA (1988) and OLIVEIRA & MATSUMOTO (1985), the species with the greatest prevalences were Haemonchus placei (100.0%) and Cooperiapunctata (100.0%), followed by Oesophagostomum radiatum
Moniezia benedeni (C) Moniezia expansa (C) Neoascaris vitulorum (N) Oesophagostomum radiatum
(N) Ostertagia sp.
2013) that age-wise prevalence of different GI nematodes in calf like Toxocaravitulorum was 25.64% while in adult animal it was 8.19%, Oesophagostomum radiatum
was 2.56% in calf as compared in adult animal (3.27%), Haemonchus placeiwas2.56% in calf as compared to adult (0%) and Bunostomum phlebotomumwas2.56% in calf as compared to adult (1.63%).
The nematodes were Toxocara vitulorum (16.6%), Oesophagostomum radiatum
(3.2%), Bunostomum phlebotomum(1.6%), Cooperia spp.
Haemonchus contortus was the most prevalent species of helminth followed by Paramphistomum cervi, Oestertagia circumcincta, Fasciola hepatica, Chabertia ovina , Moniezia expansa, Oesophagostomum radiatum
, Bunostomum phlebotomum, Haemonchus placei, , M.
For cattle, however, Oesophagostomum radiatum
, Bunostomum phlebotomum, Cooperia pectinata and Schistosoma bovis were the most significant in view of their prevalence (9.2 to 25.1%).