esophageal web

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e·soph·a·ge·al web

a congenital or acquired transverse fold of the mucous membrane and sometimes the deeper layers of the esophagus often causing dysphagia, usually in the lower half of the esophagus.

esophageal web

A 2-3 mm in thickness stricture composed of mucosa and submucosa only, which is located anywhere along the length of the esophageal lumen; upper esophageal webs occur in the upper 2-4 cm of the esophagus, are lined by squamous epithelium, often associated with the Plummer-Vinson syndrome, and after yrs may evolve into postcricoid carcinoma; webs in the body of the esophagus may be multiple, represent embryonal remnants and may be associated with esophageal reflux; the lower esophageal web is a thin membrane marking the squamocolumnar junction and is seen in ±10% of normal subjects; symptomatic subjects may suffer intermittent dysphagia and impaction of a bolus of food Treatment Intraluminal balloon dilatation. See Café coronary.

e·soph·a·ge·al web

(ē-sofă-jēăl web)
Congenital or acquired transverse fold of the mucous membrane and sometimes the deeper layers of the esophagus often causing dysphagia, usually in the lower half of the esophagus.
References in periodicals archive ?
She had similar complaints three years back and was diagnosed to have Plummer Vinson syndrome with oesophageal web and iron deficiency anaemia for which dilatation was done and she was symptom free for the last 3 years.
Subsequently a Barium swallow X-ray oesophagus was done which showed an oesophageal web at the level of the post cricoid (fig.2).She was then posted for upper gastrointestinal flexible endoscopy and web dilatation and the procedure was successfully completed (fig.
Plummer Vinson Syndrome (PVS) is a rare disease which affects mainly white women and it is characterized by dysphagia, iron deficiency and presence of superior oesophageal web [8, 9].
As is seen with our case, balloon dilatation is a very effective and complete modality of treating oesophageal web. Patient should be put on regular follow-up with upper GI scopy with or without dilatation and biopsy every 2 months.
INTRODUCTION: Plummer-Vinson or Paterson-Kelly syndrome presents as a classical triad of dysphagia, iron-deficiency anaemia and oesophageal webs [2, 3].
This theory is primarily based on the finding that iron deficiency is a part of the classic triad of PVS together with dysphagia and oesophageal webs and that dysphagia can be improved by iron supplementation [9].
Her repeat Barium swallow with 250% v/w barium sulphate showed a shelf like infolding of mucosa protruding in the lumen from the wall of upper part of cervical oesophagus suggestive of oesophageal web, rest of mid and lower oesophagus was normal .Her upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed which confirmed the finding of Oesophageal web.
Malignant type results from carcinoma but benign type has different causes.1 Amongst benign aetiologies, gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD), peptic injury, oesophageal webs, radiation damage, caustic swallowing and anastomotic strictures are most common.