With endogeneity, the estimated coefficients will be biased and inconsistent, as will all marginal effects, odds ratios
, and any other statistic derived from the estimated parameters.
Many publications, especially publications in epidemiology, assume that larger odds ratios
correspond to higher relative risks.
Significantly higher risks were obtained in men working as hairdressers, metal workers, miners and auto mechanics having odds ratios
and 95% confidence intervals 3.42(CI=1.09-10.8), 2.40(CI=1.29-4.50), 1.94(CI=1.18-3.17) and 1.69(CI=1.02-2.82), respectively.
There was also an elevated risk for autoimmune disorders among the children with IBD, with odds ratios
of 2.6 for hypothyroidism and 1.9 for type 1 diabetes.
Women with a current major depressive episode had an almost 11-fold increased risk of suicidal ideation in the postpartum period, based on multivariate analysis (odds ratio
In logistic regression analyses that controlled for age at Medicaid enrollment, length of enrollment, Alaska Native status and Anchorage residence, young women with a reproductive health claim were more likely than other Medicaid enrollees to be referred for any reason to child protective services (odds ratio
, 2.9) or to have experienced physical (1.6) or sexual abuse (2.3) during the study period.
The odds ratio
for late childhood death in those born extremely preterm was 6.3 for males (no females died in late childhood in this group), and for those born very preterm they were 1.9 for males, and 0.9 for females, said Dr.
Bacterial cure rates with cephalosporins were strongly superior to penicillin in trials from the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Sweden, with odds ratios
ranging from 3.35 to 4.77.
Data obtained from a large, ongoing population-based, case-control study show that women who used any SSRI between 1 month before and 3 months after conception had a significantly increased likelihood of having an infant with omphalocele, compared with those who reported no SSRI exposure during pregnancy (adjusted odds ratio
In particular, it has been argued that prevalence ratios are the preferred method and that prevalence odds ratios
(PORs) should not be used.
Differences in treatment effects can be expressed as absolute differences or as odds ratios
. No difference, for example, corresponds to an absolute difference of zero or an odds ratio
For both men and women working in the chemical industry there were odds ratios
of 5.56 and 5.69 respectively for developing asthma.