. In: Poultry metabolic Disorders and Mycotoxins.
Thin-layer chromatographic determination of aflatoxins, ochratoxins
, sterigmatocystin, zearalenone, citrinin, T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol, penicillic acid, patulin, and penitrem A.
Mycotoxins in the food chain: the role of ochratoxins
. Livest Prod Sci 2002; 3(76): 245-250.
(OTs) are the hazardous group of mycotoxins produced as secondary metabolite by several moulds.
Aspergillus niger isolates produced ochratoxins
and gliotoxin (43.3% and 23.3% respectively, Table 1).
The detection of aflatoxins B1, B2 and ochratoxins
A in insect infested flour samples suggests a relation and synergistic interaction between fungal species, mycotoxins contamination and insect infestation.
She said that the more common types of mycotoxins occurring in foods and animal feeds include aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2, ochratoxins
, fumonisin and zearalenone.
Several studies revealed that aluminosilicates and yeast i.e., Saccharomyces cerevisiae can alleviate the adverse effects of aflatoxins in poultry (Kubena at al., 1990; Stanley et al., 1993) but none of these ameliorate the deleterious effects of ochratoxins
(Watts et al., 2003).
A (OTA) is the most toxic of the known ochratoxins
and is the predominant compound detected in agriculture commodities making it the most relevant to food and feed safety.
(2014) Incidence of aflatoxins, fumonisins, trichothecenes and ochratoxins
in Nigerian foods and possible intervention strategies.
Impacts of three naturally occurring mycotoxins (aflatoxins ochratoxins
and zearalenone) on the embryonic development of vertebrates.Suez Canal University Ismailia Egypt.4: 108- 131.
. http://www.foodsafetywatch.org/factsheets/ochratoxins; Trichothecenes.