The effects of an observational intervention on the emergence of two types of observational learning
Participants who are individually taught different behaviors during small-group direct instruction may learn behaviors taught to their peers; this is referred to as observational learning
(Bandura, 1977), which results in increased teaching efficiency.
What took place between the two children in the study is regarded as observational learning
, because the girl watched her friend, waited a bit, and later practiced it.
This edition has updated content; new topics like evaluative conditioning, asocial observational learning
, computer-based VRET (virtual reality exposure therapy), progressive schedules, and constraint-induced movement therapy; more studies, especially those that are controversial or counterintuitive; new applications, including the use of Pavlovian and operant procedures for diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of medical disorders; and replacement of the Miller-Dollard theory of observational learning
with a generic operant learning theory.
McHugh, Lenz, Reardon and Peterson provide evidence that observational learning
and modelling are demonstrably influential upon how students seek career information.
and modeling are thought by educational psychologists to be important instructional design methods for cognitive and behavioral learning (Anderson, Aylor, & Leonard, 2008).
Keywords: Differential reinforcement, food selectivity, peer-modeling, observational learning
, parent-implemented treatment.
Probably the most significant impediment to skill acquisition from restricted stimulus control would be in environments that rely heavily on observational learning
As a psychologist that studied observational learning
through machines, Danish proved in her studies at Cambridge that even infants could learn through interactive devices.
The early work of psychologist Albert Bandura, PhD, included experiments on observational learning
Policies, procedures, and requirements of the nursing and education programs of one institution were reviewed and two key potential applications were identified: (1) a more consistent on-site presence of college faculty than is found in current social work models and (2) building skills through observational learning
and a progression of field experiences.
As depicted in Figure 1b, cues to engagement include the effect of Environmental Conditions (Pathway 1) and Observational Learning
(Pathway 2) on Internal Resources (Pathway 3).