The oath or affirmation
is to be administered to the President-elect by the Chief Registrar before the Chief Justice, or, in the absence of the Chief Justice, the Deputy Chief Justice, not earlier than 10.00 am and not later than 2.00 pm.
He will then proceed to have the Oath or Affirmation
administered to Members.
to bind themselves through an oath or affirmation
to a particular religious belief or sacrament in order to be qualified to hold office' (120) and is not directed at 'status-based religious qualifications'.
Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation
:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States." (For insight regarding whether or not George Washington added the words so help me God to the end of the oath of office he took in 1789, see Forrester Church, SO HELP ME GOD: THE FOUNDING FATHERS AND THE FIRST GREAT BATTLE OVER CHURCH AND STATE, 2007, 445.).
"No one must be false to that oath or affirmation
but you have a duty not only as individuals but collectively.
Article VI, however, specified only that other officials be "bound by Oath or Affirmation
to support this Constitution," but it did not offer the exact wording.
(31) Further, the constitutional provisions for "Oath or Affirmation
" (32) indicate "a concern for rights of conscience that a simple oath requirement would have ignored." (33) Similarly, the first statute enacted by the First Congress codified without reference to God the general oath or affirmation
required of federal and state officials under Article VI.
LEGAL COMMENTARY: Where no indication existed that the doctor confirmed the documents' contents by oath or affirmation
before a person authorized to issue an oath or affirmation
, a document does not qualify as a proper affidavit.
In fact, the original legislation referred to an "oath or affirmation
." Recognizing that some religious groups, such as the Quakers, might object to "swearing" to a Supreme Being or that someone might not believe in a Supreme Being, Congress provided the option to affirm.
(2.) With its provision for an oath or affirmation
, the presidential promise in the Constitution reflects a concern for rights of conscience that a simple oath requirement would have ignored.
He has no choice, because failure to take the oath or affirmation
means having to give up the seat he won last week.
Uhuru will, during the swearing-in ceremony, take and subscribe to the oath or affirmation
of allegiance and the oath or affirmation
for the execution of the functions of the President.