Given these observations, if a subject displays drug- or alcohol-induced behavior, officers should be cautious in using OC spray and should consider other tactics for making the arrest.
With these cautions in mind, administrators and trainers should examine the products and procedures they use and develop appropriate policy and instruction to guide officers in the safe use of OC spray.
For OC spray to affect a subject, it must be dispensed directly into the subject's eyes and nose.
In addition, skin exposed to OC spray can become inflamed.
It is the department's responsibility to ensure that officers know how and when to use OC spray.
Some legal advisors categorize OC spray as a pain compliance technique that should be positioned between physical contact and impact weapons.
Perhaps it would be better to make physical contact, OC spray, and impact weapons congruent options from which officers can choose after command presence and verbalization fail to obtain a subject's compliance.
Messina, who has conducted experiments with pepper spray since 1990, says that OC sprays are effective as a distraction but do not incapacitate the victim.
The most common agent used in OC sprays is isopropyl alcohol, an extremely flammable substance.
OC sprays are illegal in New York by virtue of a law prohibiting any product designed to cause discomfort or pain.