PPARG(redirected from Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 3)
PPARGA gene on chromosome 3p25 that encodes a member of the nuclear receptor family of ligand-activated transcription factors, which heterodimerise with the retinoic X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene expression. PPARG binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidaemic drugs and fatty acids, and controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. It is a key regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis.
Defects in PPARG mutation are linked to type-2 insulin-resistant diabetes and hypertension, obesity, glioma type 1, and cause familial partial lipodystrophy type 3.
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peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene,
A gene with an allele that increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. People with this allele may benefit from treatment with thiazolidinedione drugs.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners