Notoedres cati has been known as feline parasite for several centuries.
Notoedric mange is caused by mite called Notoedres cati. The mites burrow into cat's skin causing severe itching as well as hair loss and scabbing.
Notoedres cati are found worldwide and affect cats of any age, breed and sex.
Notoedres cati can be recognized by its small size and typical sarcoptiform pretarsi with a long, unbranched pedicel The most characteristic feature is the dorsal anus in Notoedres cati, which differentiates this mite from Sarcoptes scabiei which possesses anus in ventral side of body.
Cats infested with Notoedres cati typically presented with lichenification of skin on ear, face and distal extremities (Foley, 1991a,b; Ribbeck,1992).
Feline notoedric acariasis (feline mange) is a highly contagious, intensely pruritic, transmissible skin disease caused by the burrowing epidermal mite Notoedres cati and was first detected by Hering in 1838.
Examination of skin scraping revealed mites that were identified based on their shape and the presence of dorsal anus as Notoedres cati (Walker, 1994) (Fig.
Notoedres cati is relatively host-specific but can cause pruritic disease in other host species including dogs and humans (Scott et al., 2001).