Normocytic


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anemia

Hematology A condition characterized by ↓ RBCs or Hb in the blood, resulting in ↓ O2 in peripheral tissues Clinical Fatigability, pallor, palpitations, SOB; anemias are divided into various groups based on cause–eg, iron deficiency anemia, megaloblastic anemia–due to ↓ vitamin B12 or folic acid, or aplastic anemia–where RBC precursors in BM are 'wiped out'. See Anemia of chronic disease, Anemia of investigation, Anemia of prematurity, Aplastic anemia, Arctic anemia, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Cloverleaf anemia, Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia, Dilutional anemia, Dimorphic anemia, Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia, Fanconi anemia, Hemolytic anemia, Idiopathic sideroblastic anemia, Immune anemia, Iron-deficiency anemia, Juvenile pernicious anemia, Macrocytic anemia, Megaloblastic anemia, Microcytic anemia, Myelophthisic anemia, Neutropenic colitis with aplastic anemia, Nonimmune hemolytic anemia, Pseudoanemia, Refractory anemia with excess blasts, Sickle cell anemia, Sideroblastic anemia, Sports anemia.
General groups of anemia
Morphology
Macrocytic
Megaloblastic anemia
  • Vitamin B12deficiency
  • Folic acid deficiency
Microcytic hypochromic
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Hereditary defects
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Other hemoglobinopathies
Normocytic
  • Acute blood loss
  • Hemolysis
  • BM failure
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Renal failure
Etiology
Deficiency
  • Iron
  • Vitamin B12
  • Folic acid
  • Pyridoxine
Central–due to BM failure
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Anemia of senescence
  • Malignancy
    • BM replacement by tumor
    • Toxicity due to chemotherapy
    • Primary BM malignancy, eg leukemia
Peripheral
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hemolysis
.

Normocytic

A descriptive term applied to a red blood cell of normal size.
References in periodicals archive ?
The hematological profile showed a normocytic, normochromic anemia with mild reticulocytosis, which has also been documented by other scientists and the etiology is attributed to the persistent, progressive, chronic inflammation and chronic renal insufficiency.
The test also shows features of a normochromic, normocytic anemia with anisocytosis.
Blood analysis in dynamics showed mild elevation of transaminases (ALT=96 IU/l; AST=97 IU/l), normochromic normocytic anemia (Hb=7.
Twelve had one or more multiple electrolyte abnormalities, 14 had normocytic normochromic anemia, and 10 were severely hypoalbuminemic.
Red cell morpho- logy was normochromic normocytic with microsphe- rocytes and an occasional schistocyte.
Paraclinical studies showed leukocytosis and neutrophilia with normocytic normochromic mild anemia, normal platelets having a high erythrosedimentation rate.
Abnormal blood investigations included normocytic anemia 10.
Laboratory tests were normal besides a normochromic, normocytic anemia with 35% hematocrit and 48 mm/h erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
Laboratory tests showed normochromic normocytic anemia (Hgb = 7.