Normocytic


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Related to Normocytic: normocytic anemia, normocytic normochromic anemia

anemia

Hematology A condition characterized by ↓ RBCs or Hb in the blood, resulting in ↓ O2 in peripheral tissues Clinical Fatigability, pallor, palpitations, SOB; anemias are divided into various groups based on cause–eg, iron deficiency anemia, megaloblastic anemia–due to ↓ vitamin B12 or folic acid, or aplastic anemia–where RBC precursors in BM are 'wiped out'. See Anemia of chronic disease, Anemia of investigation, Anemia of prematurity, Aplastic anemia, Arctic anemia, Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Cloverleaf anemia, Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia, Dilutional anemia, Dimorphic anemia, Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia, Fanconi anemia, Hemolytic anemia, Idiopathic sideroblastic anemia, Immune anemia, Iron-deficiency anemia, Juvenile pernicious anemia, Macrocytic anemia, Megaloblastic anemia, Microcytic anemia, Myelophthisic anemia, Neutropenic colitis with aplastic anemia, Nonimmune hemolytic anemia, Pseudoanemia, Refractory anemia with excess blasts, Sickle cell anemia, Sideroblastic anemia, Sports anemia.
General groups of anemia
Morphology
Macrocytic
Megaloblastic anemia
  • Vitamin B12deficiency
  • Folic acid deficiency
Microcytic hypochromic
  • Iron-deficiency anemia
  • Hereditary defects
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Other hemoglobinopathies
Normocytic
  • Acute blood loss
  • Hemolysis
  • BM failure
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Renal failure
Etiology
Deficiency
  • Iron
  • Vitamin B12
  • Folic acid
  • Pyridoxine
Central–due to BM failure
  • Anemia of chronic disease
  • Anemia of senescence
  • Malignancy
    • BM replacement by tumor
    • Toxicity due to chemotherapy
    • Primary BM malignancy, eg leukemia
Peripheral
  • Hemorrhage
  • Hemolysis
.

Normocytic

A descriptive term applied to a red blood cell of normal size.
References in periodicals archive ?
Renal anaemia is usually normochromic and normocytic.
Anemia of chronic disease is a prevalent, poorly understood condition that presents with a normocytic and normochromic (or occasionally microcytic and hypochromic) blood picture.
Routine laboratory revealed normochromic normocytic anemia with a sedimentation rate of 75 mm/hr.
Hematology tests showed mild normocytic (mean corpuscular volume, 95.
The patient's CBC in 2009 (Table 2) shows a normocytic, normochromic anemia.
His hematoxylin-eosin-stained blood smear confirmed markedly decreased platelet and leucocyte counts, accompanied by normochromic normocytic red cells (Table).
A normocytic, normochromic anemia of chronic disease was noted with a hemoglobin of 10 g/dL.
Blood investigations revealed a mild normocytic anaemia, an elevated neutrophil count and mildly deranged liver function tests.
Laboratory investigations showed severe normochromic normocytic anemia (Hb 4.
The aetiology of anaemia in HIV infection is multifactorial and typically the anaemia results from underproduction of red blood cells and frequently the laboratory features are compatible with anaemia of chronic disease with a low reticulocyte count, normocytic and normochromic red blood cells with normal iron stores and cytokine mediated poor erythropoietin response (9-11).
The results of the haematological indices suggest that all the rabbits, irrespective of diet, have normocytic and normochromic red cells.
A MCV indicates the average volume of individual erythrocytes, which is used to classify RBCs as normocytic, microcytic, and macrocytic.