This perspective does not seek to provide an overview of nonpharmacological
management of diabetes and its psychological morbidity.
Several treatment guidelines state that nonpharmacological
options should be the first-line treatment for anxiety, agitation and insomnia in people with dementia.
Strongly recommending using and optimizing nonopioid and nonpharmacological
pain management therapies before using opioids.
therapy, such as nutritional support and physical exercise, are considered central to cachexia prevention and treatment.
Incentive spirometry (IS) is a nonpharmacological
intervention widely used to treat and prevent pulmonary complications during the postoperative period (Tyson, Kendig, Mabedi, Cairns & Charles, 2015).
However, there is new evidence that suggests that three promising, nonpharmacological
strategies can help adults with HIV.
The study also highlighted the beneficial effects of nonpharmacological
interventions such as social contact and exercise for people with dementia.
Only a minority of patients can derive safe and effective relief with nonpharmacological
measures and prescription topical therapies
Both pharmacological and nonpharmacological
treatments are available for heart failure.
While we support the VA's efforts to increase alternative nonpharmacological
approaches to pain management, these therapies are not consistently available at all VA facilities.
Although the precise molecular mechanism(s) of action remain unclear, physical exercise has been advocated as a nonpharmacological
adjuvant to strengthen the conventional management and prevention of cardiovascular events (35).
Her NP role includes assessing clients, ordering investigations, diagnosing, developing a management plan, and prescribing pharmacological and nonpharmacological