sugar substitute

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sugar substitute

Any of a group of carbohydrates (e.g., fructose, sorbitol and xylitol) which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars—glucose and sucrose—in diabetics, as such substitutes do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism. However, the efficacy of sugar substitutes in reducing serum glucose is suboptimal, as the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

sugar substitute

Nutrition Any of a group of carbohydrates–eg, fructose, sorbitol and xylitol, which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars–glucose and sucrose in diabetics, as these molecules do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism; the efficacy of SSs in DM is less than optimal, since the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose. See Artificial sweeteners, Aspartame, Cyclamates.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This non-nutritive sweetener is created through a process of extraction, filtration, and dehydration--resulting in a product that is, ounce for ounce, 200 to 350 times sweeter than table sugar.
Customers are now willing to look at non-nutritive sweeteners. This type of trend is a financial one and the shortage of sugar, its price increase and taxation means that the industry will now happily use a mix of sugar and sweeteners.
* Substitute a non-nutritive sweetener for some or all of the sugar in the recipe.
The top selling artificial, non-nutritive sweetener in the U.S., sucralosc (best known as Splenda), and the up-and-coming natural, non-nutritive sweetener, monatin, also share this same "caution" classification by CSPI.
* Aspartame, the non-nutritive sweetener in NutraSweet and Equal, has been linked with trigger headaches in some people, possibly because the body breaks down the sweetener into formaldehyde (Dermatitis, 2008).
Craig Petray, vice president and general manager of Monsanto Co.'s NutraSweet Group in Chicago, says that while his company is confident in the ability of NutraSweet to stand on its own as a non-nutritive sweetener, it also welcomes the chance to work with customers who feel their products should contain blends of aspartame and other sweeteners.
The Cargill-Mitsubishi joint venture is hoping for approved use in North America as a flavor enhancer, formulation aid, non-nutritive sweetener, stabilizer, thickener and texturizer, with applications in sugar-free gums and candies, beverages, baked goods and tabletop sweeteners,
Regulated GRAS in the United States for use as a natural flavoring agent, flavor enhancer - not as a non-nutritive sweetener - glycyrrhizin has a pronounced licorice taste.
The researchers also considered artificially sweetened drinks, that is, "all beverages containing non-nutritive sweeteners, such as diet soft drinks, sugar-free syrups, and diet milk-based beverages." Using 24-hour online food questionnaires, the researchers assessed the participants' consumption of 3,300 different kinds of foods and drinks.
FRIDAY, May 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) does not increase blood glucose levels, according to a review published online May 15 in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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