sugar substitute

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sugar substitute

Any of a group of carbohydrates (e.g., fructose, sorbitol and xylitol) which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars—glucose and sucrose—in diabetics, as such substitutes do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism. However, the efficacy of sugar substitutes in reducing serum glucose is suboptimal, as the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose.

sugar substitute

Nutrition Any of a group of carbohydrates–eg, fructose, sorbitol and xylitol, which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars–glucose and sucrose in diabetics, as these molecules do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism; the efficacy of SSs in DM is less than optimal, since the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose. See Artificial sweeteners, Aspartame, Cyclamates.
References in periodicals archive ?
Customers are now willing to look at non-nutritive sweeteners.
As a result, non-nutritive sweeteners created specifically for their lack of calories and nonglycemic attributes are hard to market due to some consumers' negative perceptions.
The top selling artificial, non-nutritive sweetener in the U.
Aspartame, the non-nutritive sweetener in NutraSweet and Equal, has been linked with trigger headaches in some people, possibly because the body breaks down the sweetener into formaldehyde (Dermatitis, 2008).
s NutraSweet Group in Chicago, says that while his company is confident in the ability of NutraSweet to stand on its own as a non-nutritive sweetener, it also welcomes the chance to work with customers who feel their products should contain blends of aspartame and other sweeteners.
The Cargill-Mitsubishi joint venture is hoping for approved use in North America as a flavor enhancer, formulation aid, non-nutritive sweetener, stabilizer, thickener and texturizer, with applications in sugar-free gums and candies, beverages, baked goods and tabletop sweeteners,
Regulated GRAS in the United States for use as a natural flavoring agent, flavor enhancer - not as a non-nutritive sweetener - glycyrrhizin has a pronounced licorice taste.
Non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) serve as an alternative to sucrose in various food items, most especially for those with known high-caloric value.
ca/content/189/28/E929) review on studies  concluded: "Evidence does not clearly support the intended benefits of non-nutritive sweeteners for weight management, and observational data suggest that routine intake of non-nutritive sweeteners may be associated with increased BMI and cardiometabolic risk.
Because of the lack of research for or against the routine use of non-nutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, saccharine and sucralose in the diets of children, the authors felt they could not make a recommendation for or against these no-calorie sweeteners.

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