expressive aphasia

(redirected from Non-fluent aphasia)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


a type of speech disorder consisting of a defect or loss of the power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or of comprehension of spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain centers, such as after stroke syndrome on the left side.
Patient Care. Aphasia is a complex phenomenon manifested in numerous ways. The recovery period is often very long, even months or years. Because communication is such a vital part of everyday living, loss of the ability to communicate with words, whether in speaking or writing, can profoundly affect the personality and behavior of a patient. Although aphasic persons usually require extensive treatment by specially trained speech patholigists or therapists, all persons concerned with the care of the patient should practice techniques that will help minimize frustration and improve communication with such patients.
amnestic aphasia anomic aphasia.
anomic aphasia inability to name objects, qualities, or conditions. Called also amnestic or nominal aphasia.
ataxic aphasia expressive aphasia.
auditory aphasia loss of ability to comprehend spoken language. Called also word deafness.
Broca's aphasia motor aphasia.
conduction aphasia aphasia due to a lesion of the pathway between the sensory and motor speech centers.
expressive aphasia motor aphasia.
fluent aphasia that in which speech is well articulated (usually 200 or more words per minute) and grammatically correct but is lacking in content and meaning.
global aphasia total aphasia involving all the functions that go to make up speech and communication.
jargon aphasia that with utterance of meaningless phrases, either neologisms or incoherently arranged known words.
mixed aphasia combined expressive and receptive aphasia.
motor aphasia aphasia in which there is impairment of the ability to speak and write, owing to a lesion in the insula and surrounding operculum including Broca's motor speech area. The patient understands written and spoken words but has difficulty uttering the words. See also receptive aphasia. Called also logaphasia and Broca's, expressive, or nonfluent aphasia.
nominal aphasia anomic aphasia.
nonfluent aphasia motor aphasia.
receptive aphasia inability to understand written, spoken, or tactile speech symbols, due to disease of the auditory and visual word centers, as in word blindness. See also motor aphasia. Called also logamnesia and sensory or Wernicke's aphasia.
sensory aphasia receptive aphasia.
visual aphasia alexia.
Wernicke's aphasia receptive aphasia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

mo·tor a·pha·si·a

a type of aphasia in which there is a deficit in speech production or language output, often accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other manifestation. The patient is aware of the impairment.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Broca’s aphasia

Loss of language ability due to damage in Broca's area (Brodmann area 44 and 45), characterised by telegraphic speech in which the meaning is usually clear but the grammatical connecting words are missing, with retained comprehension.

Stroke, usually due to thromboembolism; less commonly due to brain tumours, cerebral haemorrhage, extradural haematoma.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

ex·pres·sive a·pha·si·a

(eks-pres'iv ă-fā'zē-ă)
A type of aphasia in which the greatest deficit is in speech production or language output; usually accompanied by a deficit in communicating by writing, signs, or other means. The patient is aware of this impairment. The lesion typically includes the posterior frontal lobe.
Synonym(s): Broca aphasia (2) , motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
A case study approach was used in the present investigation to examine the benefits of a (speech-generating) AAC device for an individual with severe non-fluent aphasia. The caregiver (spouse) was trained in the use of the AAC device and facilitated its use in the home environment.
The participant for this case report was a 63-year-old man with a diagnosis of severe non-fluent aphasia. Mr.
Providing Augmentative and Al ternative Communication treatment to persons with progressive non-fluent Aphasia. Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 20(1), 21-25.
People suffering from non-fluent aphasias are known for having high levels of frustration that often lead to outbursts of tears or yelling.
Sufferers of fluent (or semantic) aphasias are less likely to feel frustrated or afraid than patients with non-fluent aphasias because they usually don't realize they have a problem or don't seem concerned by it.
As with non-fluent aphasias, varying levels and causes of this type of language disorder exist.
Holland (1980, 1982) reported that adults with non-fluent aphasia demonstrated a more 'normal' pattern of communication than adults with fluent aphasia.
Prutting and Kirchner (1987) used the Pragmatic Protocol to develop profiles of deficits for individuals with fluent and non-fluent aphasia. Deficits identified were related to the linguistic constraints characteristic of each aphasia subtype.
If, on the whole, individuals with non-fluent aphasia are considered to be better functional communicators and individuals with fluent aphasia are better or at least equal pragmatically, then an examination of the relationship between pragmatics and functional communication in relationship to language impairment is warranted.