non-epileptic seizure

(redirected from Non-epileptic seizures)

psychogenic seizure

A specific type of seizure regarded as a conversion symptom, which occurs when a person cannot directly express distress; patients are not consciously aware of the conversion symptoms, nor do they intentionally produce them. The seizures may be accompanied by somatic symptoms, which serve several purposes for the patient—e.g., communication, secondary gain, conflict resolution, expression of hostility and others.

Clinical findings
Frequent seizures despite therapeutic levels of anti-epileptic medication, prolonged duration (more than 5 minutes), wild movements, pelvic thrusting, fluctuating intensity, resolution of symptoms with distraction, nonphysiologic spread of symptoms, crying, bilateral motor activity with preserved consciousness, lack of post-ictal confusion or lethargy.

Prognosis
• Good—if female, of higher intelligence, independent lifestyle, no prior psychotherapy, normal EEG.
• Poor—if accompanied by epilepsy or seizure activity, history of psychiatric disorders, unemployed.

non-epileptic seizure

A seizure often accompanied by loss of consciousness, due to inadequate perfusion of the brain, e.g., during a sudden lowering of blood pressure or, in treated diabetic patients, from hypoglycemia.
See also: seizure
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References in periodicals archive ?
During the evening, Miss Barker suffered two non-epileptic seizures - for which she was on medication - and had been placed in the recovery position by her boyfriend.
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are described as time-limited episodes of alterations of consciousness and sensation and involuntary motor movements, which are associated with psychological conflicts instead of ictal epileptiform discharges (1,2).
The healthcare professionals must recognize the non-epileptic seizures.
However, it's known he has functional movement disorder and non-epileptic seizures.
Although both Pam and Laura are now housebound, the incurable condition is far more severe for former Howell's School pupil Laura, 24, who also suffers up to nine or 10 non-epileptic seizures a day.
Resting cortical PET metabolic changes in psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES).
Jasmine also says that Kai helps her when she suffers from non-epileptic seizures by licking her face and bringing her round.
Dr Ibrahim explained that epilepsy is not easy to diagnose, however, he stated that it can be diagnosed through confirmation through patient history, neurological examination and supporting blood and other clinical tests that the patient has epileptic seizures and not some other type of episode such as fainting, breath-holding (in children), transient ischemic attacks, hypoglycemia or non-epileptic seizures.
The safety of antiepileptic drug withdrawal in patients with non-epileptic seizures.
Clinical features and prognosis of non-epileptic seizures in a developing country.

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