Nocardia farcinica

Nocardia farci'nica

a species causing bovine farcy; it is the type species of the genus Nocardia.

No·car·di·a far·cini·ca

(nō-kahr'dē-ă fahr-si'ni-kă)
A bacterial species causing bovine farcy. It is the type species of the genus Nocardia.


a genus of gram-positive, modified acid-fast bacteria, with branching filaments that break into cocci or bacilli, in the family Nocardiaceae. Most are soil saprophytes which uncommonly may cause pyogranulomatous infections in a number of species.

Nocardia asteroides, Nocardia brasiliensis
may cause mastitis in cattle, pneumonia, mastitis and lymphadenitis in pigs, sheep and goats, and cutaneous or systemic nocardiosis of dogs and cats.
Nocardia farcinica
there is some uncertainty about the taxonomic status of this species; causes bovine farcy.
Nocardia otitidiscaviarum
causes dermatitis on guinea pig ears.
References in periodicals archive ?
9) There was one case report of liver abscess caused by Nocardia farcinica in an individual with Crohn's disease on infliximab and steroids.
Disseminated systemic Nocardia farcinica infection complicating alefacept and infliximab therapy in a patient with severe psoriasis.
A post-surgical examination of the blood cultures was performed at a private laboratory, and it showed Nocardia farcinica (N.
Nocardia farcinica infection is associated with a high risk of dissemination and antibiotic-resistance; therefore, it has a high mortality rate.
Cefotaxime-resistant Nocardia asteroides strains are isolates of the controversial species Nocardia farcinica.
The patient was also treated with imipenem/cilastatin, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, ethambutol, and azithromycin for pneumonia and bacteremia due to Nocardia farcinica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC).
Other species responsible for disease in humans include Nocardia brasiliensis, Nocardia otitidiscaviarum, Nocardia farcinica, Nocardia nova, and Nocardia transvalensis.
Unscrubbed surgical personnel have been linked to other postoperative wound infections, including an anesthesiologist colonized with Nocardia farcinica who reportedly caused five postoperative sternotomy infections (8).
Nocardia farcinica sternotomy site infections in patients following open heart surgery.